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The online version of this article (https://doi.org/10.1186/s12931-018-0790-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Cardiovascular disease are common co-morbidities in bronchiectasis and contribute substantially to disease burden and mortality. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a measure of arterial stiffness, has a strong predictive value for cardiovascular event. We hypothesized that baPWV would be increased in steady-state bronchiectasis patients, and correlates with the degree of systemic inflammation and disease severity assessed with Bronchiectasis Severity Index and FACED scores.
Eighty patients with steady-state bronchiectasis and 80 age- and sex-matched controls were enrolled. BaPWV was measured as an indicator of arterial stiffness. Demographic, clinical indices, radiology, spirometry, sputum bacteriology and systemic inflammatory mediators were also assessed.
Bronchiectasis patients had significantly increased baPWV [median 1514 cm/s vs. 1352 cm/s, P = 0.0003] compared with control subjects. BaPWV significantly correlated with Bronchiectasis Severity Index (rho = 0.65, P < 0.001) and FACED (rho = 0.49, P < 0.001) scores. In multivariate regression analysis, age, Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization, systolic blood pressure, body-mass index and exacerbation frequency in the last 12 months, but not systemic inflammatory markers, were independent factors influencing on baPWV in bronchiectasis patient after adjustment for other clinical variables. Reproducibility of baPWV measurement was good.
Bronchiectasis patients have increased arterial stiffness compared with control subjects, which correlates with disease severity, but not systemic inflammatory markers. Age, Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization, systolic blood pressure, body-mass index and exacerbation frequency in last 12 months might independently predict the severity of arterial stiffness in bronchiectasis. Therefore, arterial stiffness might have contributed to the increased risks of developing cardiovascular diseases in bronchiectasis.