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01.12.2009 | Review | Ausgabe 1/2009 Open Access

Cardiovascular Ultrasound 1/2009

Assessing functional mitral regurgitation with exercise echocardiography: rationale and clinical applications

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Ultrasound > Ausgabe 1/2009
Autoren:
Riccardo Bigi, Lauro Cortigiani, Francesco Bovenzi, Cesare Fiorentini
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1476-7120-7-57) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

RB conceived of the study, performed bibliographic research and drafted the manuscript. LC participated in the study design and coordination. FB and CF contributed critical revision of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Abstract

Secondary or functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) represents an increasing feature of mitral valve disease characterized by abnormal function of anatomically normal leaflets in the context of the impaired function of remodelled left ventricles. The anatomic and pathophysiological basis of FMR are briefly analyzed; in addition, the role of exercise echocardiography for the assessment of FMR is discussed in view of its relevance to clinical practice.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Effect of ischemic remodelling of the LV. Video animation showing the complementary role of dysfunction and distorsion in producing FMR. (WMV 4 MB)
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Authors’ original file for figure 1
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Authors’ original file for figure 9
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Literatur
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