This study aimed to assess the anxiety-depression levels and the perceptions of quality of life, as well as the factors affecting these variables, in adolescents with dysmenorrhea.
The participants included 60 adolescents with dysmenorrhea and 41 healthy adolescents between the ages of 12 and 18. This study used the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) for assessing the perceptions of quality of life, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for measuring anxiety levels, and the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) for measuring depression levels.
It was determined that compared to healthy controls, the depression and anxiety scores were higher and the quality of life was impaired in adolescents with dysmenorrhea. In addition, it was shown that the depression and anxiety levels increased and the psychosocial health subscale scores of quality of life decreased with increasing dysmenorrhea severity. However, the likelihood of dysmenorrhea was found to be higher with increasing depression scores, while the anxiety levels had no effect on dysmenorrhea.
In dysmenorrhea management, it is important to enhance awareness among pediatric clinicians and gynecologists regarding the associations between dysmenorrhea and mental problems.
Unsal A, Tozun M, Ayrancı U, Orsal Ö. Connection between dysmenorrhea and depression among a group of turkish high school female students. Pak J Med Sci. 2012;28(3):424–7.
Sundell G, Milsom I, Andersch B. Factors influencing the prevalence and severity of dysmenorrhoea in young women. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 1990;97:588–94. CrossRef
Van Houdenhove B, Onghena P. In: Robertson MM, Katona CLE, editors. Depression and physical illness. Chichester: Wiley; 1997. p. 465–97.
Memik NC, Ağaoğlu B, Coşkun A, Karakaya I. The validity and reliability of pediatric quality of life inventory in 8- 12 year old Turkish children. Turk. J Child Adolesc Ment Health. 2008;15:87–98.
Kovacs M. Rating scales to assess depression in school-aged children. Acta Paedopsychiatr. 1981;46:305–15. PubMed
Oy B. Cocuklar icin depresyon olceği: gecerlilik ve guvenirlik calışması. Turk Psikiyatri Derg. 1991;2:132–5.
Spielberger CD, Gorsuch RL, Lushene RE. Manual for state-trait anxiety inventory. California: Consulting Psychologist Press; 1970.
Öner N. Le Compte A. Durumluk-Surekli Kaygı Envanteri El Kitabı: Boğazici Universitesi Yayımları İstanbul; 1985.
Aykut M, Günay O, Gün İ, tuna R, Balcı E, Özdemir M, et al. the impact of some biological, socio-demographic and nutritional factors on the prevalence of dysmenorrhoea. Erciyes medical Journal. 2007;29(5):393–402.
Liang W, Zhang Y, Li H, Chu J, Qin Z, Lou L, et al. Personality and primary dysmenorrhea: a study using a five-factor model in Chinese university women. Archives of Neuropsychiatry. 2012;49:92–5. CrossRef
- Assessment of anxiety-depression levels and perceptions of quality of life in adolescents with dysmenorrhea
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Gynäkologie und Geburtshilfe
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet
e.Med Kampagnen-Visual, Mail Icon II