13.09.2017 | Original Contributions | Ausgabe 4/2018
Assessment of Atrial Fibrillation and Ventricular Arrhythmia Risk after Bariatric Surgery by P Wave/QT Interval Dispersion
- Mustafa Yılmaz, Cihan Altın, Abdullah Tekin, Tansel Erol, İlker Arer, Tarık Zafer Nursal, Nurkan Törer, Varlık Erol, Haldun Müderrisoğlu
The association of obesity with atrial fibrillation (AF) and with ventricular arrhythmias is well documented.
The aim of this study was to investigate whether weight reduction by a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has any effect on P wave dispersion (PWD), a predictor of AF, and corrected QT interval dispersion (CQTD), a marker of ventricular arrhythmias, in obese individuals.
In a prospective study, a total of 114 patients (79 females, 35 males) who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy were examined. The patients were followed 1 year. PWD and CQTD values before and 3rd, 6th, and 12th months after the surgery were calculated and compared.
There was a statistically significant decline in body mass index (BMI), PWD, and CQTD values among baseline, 3rd, 6th, and 12th months (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). Correlation analysis showed a statistically significant correlation between ΔPWD and ΔBMI (r = 0.719, p < 0.001), ΔPWD and Δleft ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) (r = 0.291, p = 0.002), ΔPWD and Δleft atrial diameter (LAD) (r = 0.65, p < 0.001), ΔCQTD and ΔBMI (r = 0.266, p = 0.004), ΔCQTD and ΔLVEDD (r = 0.35, p < 0.001), ΔCQTD and ΔLAD (r = 0.289, p = 0.002). In multiple linear regression analysis, there was a statistically significant relationship between ΔPWD and ΔBMI (β = 0.713, p < 0.001), ΔPWD and ΔLVEDD (β = 0.174, p = 0.016), ΔPWD and ΔLAD (β = 0.619, p < 0.001), ΔCQTD and ΔBMI (β = 0.247, p = 0.011), ΔCQTD and ΔLVEDD (β = 0.304, p < 0.001), ΔCQTD and ΔLAD (β = 0.235, p = 0.009).
PWD and CQTD values of patients were shown to be attenuated after bariatric surgery. These results indirectly offer that there may be a reduction in risk of AF, ventricular arrhythmia, and sudden cardiac death after obesity surgery.