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01.12.2014 | Original Paper | Ausgabe 8/2014 Open Access

The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging 8/2014

Assessment of left ventricular twist mechanics by speckle tracking echocardiography reveals association between LV twist and myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Zeitschrift:
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging > Ausgabe 8/2014
Autoren:
Hong-Ju Zhang, Hao Wang, Tao Sun, Min-Jie Lu, Nan Xu, Wei-Chun Wu, Xin Sun, Wu-Gang Wang, Qiong-Wen Lin
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1007/​s10554-014-0509-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Hong-Ju Zhang and Tao Sun are co-first Authors

Abstract

We aimed to investigate whether left ventricular (LV) twist analysis can detect the extent of myocardial fibrosis in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This prospective case–control study recruited 81 consecutive patients with HCM examined between January 2012 and April 2013. Data of 76 patients were analyzed after excluding 5 patients whose echocardiographic images were of poor quality. Healthy volunteers (n = 46) served as controls. Both groups underwent comprehensive echocardiographic examination (i.e., Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LVEF, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em, LVMI, advanced LV-twist analysis by speckle tracking echocardiography) and magnetic resonance imaging. Between-group differences were analyzed by independent t test; logistic regression analysis was performed to identify effect factors. No significant differences were found between baseline characteristics of HCM and control groups (all p > 0.05). HCM patients had significantly higher Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV Twist, LVEF, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em and LVMI than controls (all p < 0.0001) and significantly lower LVDd and E/A (both p < 0.001). Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV-Twist, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/Em and LVMI were significantly higher in HCM patients with fibrosis than in those without fibrosis (p < 0.001), but no significant differences in other echocardiographic parameters were found between those with and without fibrosis. Age, Bas-Rotation, AP-Rotation, LV twist, LADs, IVST, LAVi, E/A, E/Em, and LVMI were significant effect factors for fibrosis. AUROC analysis showed that LV twist had high discriminatory power to detect extent of myocardial fibrosis (AUC 0.996, 95 % CI 0.989–1.004, p < 0.001). Left ventricular twist mechanics are associated with the extent of myocardial fibrosis. LV-twist assessment by STE may be clinically useful.

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Zusatzmaterial
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 30 kb)
10554_2014_509_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Literatur
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