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13.01.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 1/2018

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 1/2018

Assessment of oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients with invasive treatment procedure

Zeitschrift:
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Endang Sjamsudin, Tantry Maulina, Ahmad Cipta, Aulia Iskandarsyah, Andri Hardianto, Mantra Nandini, Alwin Kasim, Harmas Yazid Yusuf

Abstract

Purpose

Depending on its stage on diagnosis, oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) might cause excruciating pain and decreased quality of life. As for treatment, the treatment of OSCC might vary from chemotherapy to surgery. The objective of the current study was to assess the preoperative and postoperative oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of OSCC patients with invasive treatment procedure.

Methods

The current study was conducted by interviewing 21 (10 males; 11 females) patients who had been diagnosed with stage 3 and stage 4 OSCC and about to go through surgery at the inpatient ward of Surgical Oncology Department, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. A preoperative and interview was conducted by using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QOL)-C30, the shortened EORTC QOL Questionnaire for Oesophageal Cancer (OES)18, the visual analog scale (VAS), and the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) Oral Cancer Pain Questionnaire. All data were analyzed to evaluate the preoperative and postoperative effect.

Results

The current study showed a significant decrease of the postoperative oral pain (p < 0.01) and anxiety level (p < 0.01), while postoperative patient’ quality of life was significantly (p < 0.01) increased.

Conclusion

Despite of the invasive procedure that might cause postoperative effect, OSCC patients in the current study showed a better quality of life after cancer removal.

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