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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Endocrine Disorders 1/2017

Assessment of platelets morphological changes and serum butyrylcholinesterase activity in children with diabetic ketoacidosis: a case control study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Endocrine Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Suzan Omar Mousa, Samira Zein Sayed, Mahmoud Mohammed Moussa, Ahmed Hamdy Hassan

Abstract

Background

Many studies indicated that mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet distribution width (PDW) may be valuable in the diagnosis and management of clinical disorders; also, serum butyrylcholinesterase activity (BChE) was suggested to be linked to systemic inflammation and oxidative stress. Limited studies measured these readily available markers in children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Our objectives were to measure MPV, PDW and BChE in children with DKA; and to assess if any of these markers reflects the severity of DKA.

Methods

Our study included: 30 children with DKA (DKA group), 30 diabetic children (Non-DKA group) and 30 apparently healthy children (control group). MPV, PDW and BChE were measured in all children. Additional blood samples were withdrawn from the DKA group to assess these markers at discharge from hospital.

Results

MPV, PDW and BChE were significantly altered in the DKA group than the other two groups; and their levels improved significantly at discharge of the DKA group (p < 0.05). The three markers were found to equally to predict the presence of DKA, but MPV was the most suitable risk marker for DKA diagnosis (OR = 4.251, CI 95% =1.463–12.351, p = 0.003). Regarding their relation with DKA severity, they did not correlate significantly with arterial PH or serum HCO3- (p > 0.05).

Conclusion

DKA in children is associated with changes in MPV, PDW and BChE activity, which improve after resolution of the condition. Elevated MPV can be a suitable risk marker for DKA. None of the studied markers correlated with the severity of DKA.
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