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01.12.2018 | Research | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Malaria Journal 1/2018

Assessment of the quality and quantity of naturally induced antibody responses to EBA175RIII–V in Ghanaian children living in two communities with varying malaria transmission patterns

Zeitschrift:
Malaria Journal > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Hamza B. Abagna, Festus K. Acquah, Ruth Okonu, Nii A. Aryee, Michael Theisen, Linda E. Amoah
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12936-017-2167-3) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Recent global reports on malaria suggest significant decrease in disease severity and an increase in control interventions in many malaria endemic countries, including Ghana. However, a major driving force sustaining malaria transmission in recent times is the asymptomatic carriage of malaria parasites, which can enhance immune responses against parasite antigens. This study determined the prevalence and relative avidities of naturally induced antibodies to EBA175RIII–VLl in asymptomatic children living in two communities with varying malaria transmission patterns.

Methods

An asexual stage Plasmodium falciparum antigen, EBA175RIII–VLl was expressed in Lactococcus lactis, purified and used in indirect ELISA to measure total and cytophilic IgG concentrations and avidities in children aged between 6 and 12 years. The children were selected from Obom and Abura, communities with perennial and seasonal malaria transmission, respectively. Venous blood samples were collected in July and October 2015 and again in January 2016. The multiplicity of infection and the genetic diversity of EBA175RIII circulating in both sites were also assessed using polymerase chain reaction.

Results

Asymptomatic parasite carriage in the children from Obom decreased from July (peak season), through October and January, however parasite carriage in children from Abura was bimodal, with the lowest prevalence estimated in October. Antibody concentrations over the course of the study remained stable within each study site however, children living in Obom had significantly higher EBA175RIII–VLl antibody concentrations than children living in Abura (P < 0.05, Mann–Whitney test). Over the course of the study, the relative antibody avidities of EBA175RIII–VLl IgG antibodies were similar within and between the sites.

Conclusion

Naturally acquired IgG concentrations but not relative antibody avidities to EBA175RIII–V were significantly higher in Obom where malaria transmission is perennial than in Abura, where malaria transmission is seasonal.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1. Primers for cloning P. falciparum eba175RIII–V as well as for detecting and genotyping P. falciparum parasites.
Additional file 2. IgG responses to EBA175 and the Glutamate Rich Protein (GLURP.RO) measured in plasma samples obtained from the school children in October 2015 and January 2016.
Literatur
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