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01.12.2017 | Original investigation | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

Cardiovascular Diabetology 1/2017

Association between carotid plaque characteristics and acute cerebral infarction determined by MRI in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Zeitschrift:
Cardiovascular Diabetology > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Beibei Sun, Xiao Li, Xiaosheng Liu, Xiaoqian Ge, Qing Lu, Xihai Zhao, Jun Pu, Jianrong Xu, Huilin Zhao
Wichtige Hinweise
Beibei Sun and Xiao Li contributed equally to this work and are co-first authors
Huilin Zhao, Xiaosheng Liu and Jun Pu are co-corresponding authors

Abstract

Background

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) might aggravate the carotid plaque vulnerability, and increase the risk for ischemic stroke. Few studies reported the acute stroke subtype with carotid plaque characteristics in T2DM patients. This study aimed to investigate the association between carotid plaque characteristics and acute cerebral infarct (ACI) lesion features determined by MRI in T2DM patients.

Methods

Patients with acute cerebrovascular syndrome in internal carotid artery territory were recruited. All patients were stratified into T2DM and non-T2DM groups and underwent both carotid and brain MRI scans. Ipsilateral carotid plaque morphological and compositional characteristics, intracranial and extracranial carotid artery stenosis were also determined. Stroke subtype based on the Trial of ORG 10172 in Acute Stroke Treatment classification and ACI lesion patterns were evaluated.

Results

Of the recruited 140 patients, 68 (48.6%) patients had T2DM (mean age 64.16 ± 11.38 years, 40 males). T2DM patients exhibited higher prevalence of carotid type IV–VI lesions, larger plaque burden as well as larger lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) compared with non-T2DM patients. Among the patients with carotid LRNC on symptomatic side, more concomitant large perforating artery infarct patterns and larger ACI size in the internal carotid artery territory were found in T2DM group than those in non-T2DM group. Carotid plaque with LRNC% > 22.0% was identified as an independent risk factor for the presence of ACI lesions confined to the carotid territory in T2DM patients, regardless of other risk factors.

Conclusions

This study shows that more concomitant large perforating artery infarct patterns and larger ACI size in the internal carotid artery territory were found in the T2DM patients with ipsilateral carotid LRNC plaque than those in non-T2DM patients. Quantification of the carotid plaque characteristics, particularly the LRNC% by MRI has the potential usefulness for stroke risk stratification.
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