Cardiovascular diseases are main cause of morbidity and mortality in acromegaly. Polymorphisms of FTO gene are associated with obesity and increased risk of CVD (independently of BMI). Aim of this study was to investigate the allele frequencies of two FTO gene polymorphisms: rs9939609 and rs9930506 in patients with acromegaly and to examine the association of FTO gene polymorphisms with BMI and selected metabolic parameters.
Identification of two single nucleotide polymorphisms of FTO gene was carried out in 51 patients with acromegaly using the minisequencing method.
The risk-allele frequencies of rs9939609 and rs9930506 polymorphisms were 0.471 and 0.529, respectively and they were higher than in general European population. There is no association of FTO gene polymorphisms with BMI, glucose, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and triglyceride. The risk alleles were associated with decreased HDL cholesterol concentration. Homozygotes for the rs9939609-risk allele had 1.25-fold lower HDL cholesterol concentration than carriers of the TT genotype (p = 0.0024). The estimated average decrease in HDL cholesterol concentration per risk allele for rs9930506 was 11.2%. Nevertheless, statistically significant differences were observed only between AG versus GG and AA versus GG genotypes. Homozygotes for the rs9930506-risk allele had 1.27-fold lower HDL cholesterol concentration than carriers of the AA genotype (p = 0.007).
The risk-allele frequencies of studied polymorphisms in acromegaly were higher than in general European population. There is an association between FTO gene polymorphisms and HDL cholesterol concentration, suggesting FTO gene polymorphisms may be associated with higher CVD risk in patients with acromegaly.
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- Association between FTO gene polymorphisms and HDL cholesterol concentration may cause higher risk of cardiovascular disease in patients with acromegaly
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