Skip to main content
main-content

01.02.2015 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2015

Osteoporosis International 2/2015

Associations between sedentary behaviour and body composition, muscle function and sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults

Zeitschrift:
Osteoporosis International > Ausgabe 2/2015
Autoren:
J. Gianoudis, C. A. Bailey, R. M. Daly

Abstract

Summary

While previous studies have reported detrimental associations of sedentary behaviours with cardiometabolic disorders and mortality, in this study, we report that higher levels of sitting time were associated with a greater risk of sarcopenia, with increased television (TV) viewing negatively associated with lean mass, independent of physical activity.

Introduction

Sedentary behaviour has been linked to cardiometabolic disorders and mortality, but little is known about its effects on musculoskeletal health and function. This study investigated the relationship between total sitting and TV viewing time on sarcopenia and its determinants (muscle mass, strength and function) in older adults.

Methods

This cross-sectional study included 162 community-dwelling men and women aged 60 to 86 years who had complete assessment of total body and regional lean mass (LM) and fat mass (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)), lower limb muscle strength, power and functional performance. Sarcopenia was defined as the lowest sex-specific quartile for relative appendicular LM plus muscle strength and/or gait speed. Total sitting and TV viewing time were self-reported using a validated questionnaire. A sitting fragmentation ratio, as an index of breaks in sitting time, was calculated as the number of sitting bouts divided by total sitting time.

Results

Greater overall sitting time was associated with an increased risk of sarcopenia; for each 1-h increment, the risk increased by 33 % [odds ratio 1.33 (95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.05, 1.68)], independent of physical activity and other lifestyle and confounding factors. TV viewing time was associated with lower total body and leg LM after adjusting for various confounders and fat mass. There were no associations between total sitting or TV viewing time or the fragmentation ratio with any other measure.

Conclusion

Higher levels of sedentary behaviour in older adults were associated with reduced muscle mass and an increased risk of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults, independent of physical activity.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 2/2015

Osteoporosis International 2/2015 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise