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22.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 11/2018

Heart and Vessels 11/2018

Associations of sensitive cardiac troponin-I with left ventricular morphology, function and prognosis in end-stage renal disease patients with preserved ejection fraction

Zeitschrift:
Heart and Vessels > Ausgabe 11/2018
Autoren:
Kenichiro Otsuka, Koki Nakanishi, Kenei Shimada, Haruo Nakamura, Hitoshi Inanami, Hiroki Nishioka, Kohei Fujimoto, Noriaki Kasayuki, Minoru Yoshiyama

Abstract

Sensitive cardiac troponin I (cTnI) predicts all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in various clinical settings. However, its clinical significance in hemodialysis (HD) patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) has not been fully elucidated. This study investigated the association of cTnI with LV morphology and function, and its long-term outcome in HD patients with preserved LVEF. This prospective study consists of 96 HD patients with preserved LVEF (69 ± 8 years and 63% male) who underwent two-dimensional echocardiographic examination and biomarker tests including cTnI, brain natriuretic peptide, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein. The primary endpoint was all-cause death and secondary endpoint was cardiovascular death. Factors independently associated with cTnI were systolic blood pressure (β = − 0.239, p = 0.011), heart rate (β = 0.216, p = 0.021), LV mass index (β = 0.231, p = 0.020), and E to e’ ratio (β = 0.237, p = 0.016). During a mean follow-up of 3.6 years, primary and secondary endpoints were observed in 23 (24%) and 18 (19%) patients, respectively. In the multivariate Cox proportional hazard analysis, the upper cTnI tertile has significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR), 2.69; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.139–6.386; p = 0.024] and that of cardiovascular death (HR, 4.56; 95% CI 2.021–16.968; p = 0.006) independent of echocardiographic measures and other serum biomarkers. In HD patients with preserved LVEF, serum cTnI levels were significantly associated with diastolic function and risk of mortality independent of echocardiographic variables and other biomarkers.

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