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01.12.2018 | Astrozytom | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Cancer 1/2018

Two successful pregnancies following fertility preservation in a patient with anaplastic astrocytoma: a case report

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cancer > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Alexandra Peyser, Sara L. Bristow, Avner Hershlag

Abstract

Background

Astrocytomas are the most common malignant glial tumors. With improved prognosis, it is possible for patients to pursue pregnancy post-treatment. However, with potential gonadotoxicity of oncology treatments, fertility preservation prior to chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy should be considered. This requires close collaboration between the oncologist and reproductive endocrinologist. To our knowledge this is the first report of successful pregnancies following fertility preservation for AA.

Case presentation

33-year-old nulligravid woman with newly diagnosed anaplastic astrocytoma (AA; WHO grade III, IDH1-negative) sought fertility preservation. Prior to chemotherapy and radiation for AA, the patient underwent in vitro fertilization (IVF) for fertility preservation, resulting in 8 vitrified embryos. Following chemo-radiation, the patient underwent two rounds of frozen embryo transfers (FET), each resulting in a successful singleton pregnancy.

Conclusion

This case illustrates the realistic possibility, in carefully selected patients with brain tumors, of oocyte or embryo cryo-preservation prior to chemo-radiation and subsequent pregnancies.
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