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04.07.2016 | Laryngology | Ausgabe 12/2016

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 12/2016

Awareness and daily practices of family physicians and trainees towards laryngopharyngeal reflux

Zeitschrift:
European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 12/2016
Autoren:
Aylin Eryilmaz, Yesim Basal, Ceren Gunel, Sema Basak, Mevlut Ture, Hakan Elatik, Okay Basak

Abstract

Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a type of reflux, seen with complaints of hoarseness, chronic cough, and globus sensation, different from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the awareness, knowledge, and practices of family physicians and trainees who were being trained in medical branches other than ENT and to determine the effective factors on decision making for diagnosis of this disorder. The study was designed as a two-stage study. At the first stage, a data collection tool, involving 29 questions by which the knowledge, awareness, and applications of the physicians about LPR would be determined, was developed with 12 specialists, using Delphi method. At the second stage, 101 family physicians replied the questionnaire online. For 45 trainees other than ENT, the questionnaire was filled face-to-face by one of the investigators. In patients admitted with complaints of hoarseness, lasting longer than 2 weeks, cough, lasting longer than 3 weeks, and globus sensation, the physicians considered LPR as the preliminary diagnosis with rates of 88.4, 82.2, and 62.8 %, respectively. 87.0 % of physicians, participating in the study, started treatment for reflux empirically in patients having complaints of hoarseness, chronic cough, and globus sensation; however, only 29.0 % of physicians prescribed this treatment for periods of 3 or 6 months. 69.9 % of physicians, participating in the study, made a diagnosis of reflux in general during their daily practices; only 6.9 % made the discrimination between LPR and GERD. Of all physicians, 27.9 % prescribed double-dose PPI or H2.

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