Skip to main content

01.06.2014 | Original Article | Ausgabe 3/2014

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2014

Axillary Endoscopic Subglandular Tunneling Approach for Types 2 and 3 Dual-Plane Breast Augmentation

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2014
Soo Hyang Lee, Won June Yoon
Wichtige Hinweise
Presented at the 28th Congress of The Korean Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery in Seoul, Republic of Korea, 28 March 2010.



Dual-plane techniques offer excellent pocket locations for breast augmentation. Traditional techniques require incisions in the inframammary or periareolar crease, which are rarely accepted in the authors’ department because of visible scars on the breast. Therefore, the authors developed a transaxillary approach for dual-plane procedures using an endoscope.


During a period of 36 months between April 2009 and March 2012, 89 consecutive patients with small breasts were treated surgically. They underwent transaxillary types 2 or 3 dual-plane breast augmentation as outpatients. For the axillary endoscopic subglandular tunneling approach (AESTA), a long subglandular tunnel was created along the lateral portion of the pectoralis major muscle to reach the nipple–areolar complex. The type 2 dual-plane technique was applied in 67 patients, and the type 3 technique was used in 22 patients.


The mean age of the patients was 37.5 years (range 31–48 years), and the mean postoperative follow-up period was 11 months (range 7–42 months). Good surgical outcomes were obtained, and the procedure was reproducible.


The use of AESTA allowed the authors to achieve types 2 and 3 dual-plane breast augmentation through a transaxillary incision. They believe that AESTA can yield constant and satisfactory outcomes similar to the inframammary and periareolar approaches.

Level of Evidence V

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 3/2014

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 3/2014 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Das kostenlose Testabonnement läuft nach 14 Tagen automatisch und formlos aus. Dieses Abonnement kann nur einmal getestet werden.

  2. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.