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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2018

Better clinical outcome with direct oral anticoagulants in hospitalized heart failure patients with atrial fibrillation

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2018
Autoren:
Akiomi Yoshihisa, Yu Sato, Takamasa Sato, Satoshi Suzuki, Masayoshi Oikawa, Yasuchika Takeishi
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s12872-018-0746-z) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Abstract

Background

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is common in patients with heart failure and is associated with higher mortality. Although previous studies have reported that direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in out-patients with AF, it remains unclear whether DOACs reduce mortality in hospitalized heart failure (HHF) patients with AF. Therefore, we examined the impact of DOACs on mortality in this group of patients.

Methods

Consecutive 497 HHF patients with AF were retrospectively registered and divided into three groups on the basis of the presence of anticoagulant therapy: non-anticoagulant group (Non, n = 90), Vit K antagonists (VKAs) group (n = 257) and DOACs group (n = 150). We followed up all the patients for mortality.

Results

In the Kaplan-Meier analysis (mean follow-up of 1093 days), all-cause mortality was significantly lower in the VKAs and DOACs groups than in the Non group (31.1% and 15.3% vs. 43.3%, log-rank P < 0.001). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis after adjusting for other potential confounding factors, usage of DOACs and VKAs were independently associated with lower mortality in HHF patients AF (DOACs, HR 0.356, P = 0.001; VKAs, HR 0.472, P = 0.002). Furthermore, the propensity-matched 1:1 cohort was assessed based on the propensity score (DOACs, n = 114 and VKAs, n = 114). All-cause mortality was significantly lower in the DOACs group than in the VKAs group in the post-matched cohort (12.3% vs. 35.1%, log-rank P = 0.038). In the Cox proportional hazard analysis, the use of DOACs was associated with lower mortality in the post-matched cohort (HR 0.526, P = 0.041).

Conclusion

Appropriate use of anticoagulants in HHF patients with AF is important, and DOACs potentially improve all-cause mortality in such patients.
Zusatzmaterial
Additional file 1: Table S1. The clinical features of DOACs group and VKAs group in the post-matched cohort are summarized in Table S1. (DOC 69 kb)
12872_2018_746_MOESM1_ESM.doc
Literatur
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