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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Surgery 1/2015

Bleeding complications in cholecystectomy: a register study of over 22 000 cholecystectomies in Finland

BMC Surgery > Ausgabe 1/2015
S. Suuronen, A. Kivivuori, J. Tuimala, H. Paajanen
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

Drs. Suuronen, Kivivuori, Tuimala and Paajanen have no conflicts of interest or financial ties to disclose.

Authors’ contributions

Study conception and design: HP, SS. Data acquisition: JT. Data analysis: JT, AK. Data interpretation and manuscript preparation, editing and final approval: All authors.



Major bleeding is rare but among the most serious complications of laparoscopic surgery. Still very little is known on bleeding complications and related blood component use in laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). The aim of this study is to compare bleeding complications, transfusion rates and related costs between LC and open cholecystectomy (OC).


Data concerning LCs and OCs and related blood component use between 2002 and 2007 were collected from existing computerized medical records (Finnish Red Cross Register) of ten Finnish hospital districts.


Register data included 17175 LCs and 4942 OCs. In the LC group, 1.3 % of the patients received red blood cell (RBC) transfusion compared to 13 % of the patients in the OC group (p < 0.001). Similarly, the proportions of patients with platelet (0.1 % vs. 1.2 %, p < 0.001) and fresh frozen plasma (FFP) products (0.5 % vs. 5.8 %) transfusions were respectively higher in the OC group than in the LC group. The mean transfused dose of RBCs, PTLs and FFP product Octaplas® or the mean cost of the transfused blood components did not differ significantly between the LC and OC groups.


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was associated with lower transfusion rates of blood components compared to open surgery. The severity of bleeding complications may not differ substantially between LC and OC.
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