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01.12.2017 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2017

Bleeding events associated with a low dose (110 mg) versus a high dose (150 mg) of dabigatran in patients treated for atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Nabin Chaudhary, Jun Yuan

Abstract

Background

The newer oral anticoagulant dabigatran is considered to be more beneficial in patients with non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation (AF) when compared to warfarin. However, because bleeding events which are associated with a low dose (110 mg) versus a high dose (150 mg) of dabigatran have seldom been compared, we aimed to systematically solve this important issue through this meta-analysis.

Methods

English publications comparing 110 mg with 150 mg dabigatran in patients who were treated for AF were electronically searched through medical databases. Bleeding outcomes were the major clinical endpoints to be assessed. Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) for each subgroup were calculated and the main analysis was carried out by the latest version of the RevMan 5.3 software.

Results

Twenty-nine thousand two hundred and sixty-four (29,264) patients were included in this meta-analysis. Fifteen thousand eight hundred and forty-eight (15,848) patients were treated with 110 mg dabigatran whereas 13,416 patients were treated with 150 mg dabigatran. 110 mg dabigatran was associated with a significantly lower rate of minor bleeding (OR: 1.19, 95% CI: 1.10–1.27; P < 0.00001). A similar rate of fatal and major bleeding was observed with both dosages (OR: 1.12, 95% CI: 0.69–1.82; P = 0.65) and (OR: 1.09, 95% CI: 0.86–1.37; P = 0.49) respectively. However, ischemic stroke insignificantly favored a higher dose of dabigatran, (OR: 0.77, 95% CI: 0.51–1.16; P = 0.21). In addition, this analysis showed mortality to significantly favor 150 mg of dabigatran (OR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.34–0.50; P < 0.00001).

Conclusion

No significant differences in major and fatal bleedings were observed with 110 mg versus 150 mg dabigatran. However, 110 mg dabigatran was associated with a significantly lower risk of minor bleeding. These results should further be confirmed in future trials.
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