Skip to main content
main-content

01.05.2008 | Original Article | Ausgabe 5/2008

Pediatric Nephrology 5/2008

Blood-volume monitoring in paediatric haemodialysis

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Nephrology > Ausgabe 5/2008
Autoren:
Daljit K. Hothi, Elizabeth Harvey, Christina M. Goia, Denis Geary
Wichtige Hinweise
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Abstract

A correlation between relative blood volume (RBV) reduction and adverse intradialytic events has been reported in children. Our aim was to determine whether the shape of the RBV curve and the RBV thresholds discriminated between haemodialysis treatments where patients developed complications and those where they did not. We retrospectively reviewed blood volume records (n = 74), using the Fresenius module. “Treatment complications“ were defined as hypotension and/or intradialytic symptoms requiring nursing intervention. Treatments with complications were significantly associated with changes in heart rate (P = 0.05) and steeper decline of the RBV curve in the first hour (P = 0.01), but the final RBV measurement was not predictive (P = 0.27). When receiver operator characteristic (ROC) analyses were used, cut-off RBV thresholds of 88% at the end of the first hour, 84% at the end of the second hour, and 82% at the end of the third hour of dialysis, were able to discriminate between treatments with and without complications, but no RBV values at the end of the fourth hour of dialysis were discriminatory. The RBV curve differed in polyuric patients, such that complications occurred at lower RBV thresholds than in oliguric patients. Evolution of tachycardia and a steeper RBV fall in the first hour of dialysis predicted the occurrence of treatment complications.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

★ PREMIUM-INHALT
e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Sichern Sie sich jetzt Ihr e.Med-Abo und sparen Sie 50 %!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2008

Pediatric Nephrology 5/2008 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Pädiatrie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.