To distinguish between ethnic differences among segregated schoolgirls and restrictive anorexia nervosa using a simple culture-fair test of body image (BI) figure drawings.
Several responses to BI figure drawings by 178 adolescent schoolgirls from three ethnically distinct and segregated schools and communities in Israel, Jewish secular (JS), Jewish Haredi (H), and Christian Arab (C), and a group of 14 severely restricting anorexic girls (AN). BI evaluations were analyzed by MANCOVA, followed by paired or Student-t tests for comparisons between responses and groups respectively. Pearson r served for correlations and the Fisher Z for differences between slopes.
Despite the total ethnic segregation among the schoolgirls, there are commonalities; all prefer a thinner ideal BI, and are similarly dissatisfied with their BI. However, ethnic differences also emerge: C underestimate their BI and how others view them, and H true and Ideal BI evaluations correlate, unlike the other groups. Despite this variability, and in stark contrast, the anorexic girls show a gross misperception of their BI, even in comparison to girls equated for BMI.
The findings show that figure drawings evaluation of BI is a simple and robust instrument dissociating clinical and ethnic responses. Clinicians may consider body figure drawings as a simple, supportive, diagnostic for first-line recognition for risk of AN in adolescent girls.
Gluck ME, Geliebter A. Body image and eating behaviors in Orthodox and Secular Jewish women. J Gend Specif Med. 2002;5:19–24. PubMed
Evans P, McConnell A. Do racial minorities respond in the same way to mainstream beauty standards? Social comparison processes in Asian, Black, and White women. Self Identity. 2003;2:153–67. CrossRef
Safir MP, Flaisher-Kellner S, Rosenmann A. When gender differences surpass cultural differences in personal satisfaction with body shape in Israeli College Students. Sex Roles. 2005;52:369–78. CrossRef
Apter A, Abu Shah M, Iancu I, Abramovitch H, Weizman A, Tyano S. Cultural effects on eating attitudes in Israeli subpopulations and hospitalized anorectics. Genet Soc Gen Psychol Monogr. 1994;120:83–99. PubMed
Collins EM. Body figure perceptions and preferences among preadolescent children. Int J Eat Disord. 1990;10:199–208. CrossRef
Lazter Y, Weinberger-Litman S, Gerson B, Rosch A, Mischel R, Hinden T, et al. Negative religious coping predicts disordered eating pathology among orthodox Jewish adolescent girls. J Relig Health. 2015;53:1760–71.
- Body image drawings dissociate ethnic differences and anorexia in adolescent girls
- BioMed Central
Neu im Fachgebiet Psychiatrie
Meistgelesene Bücher aus dem Fachgebiet
Mail Icon II