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01.12.2011 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2011 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2011

Bronchial stump aspergillosis after lobectomy for lung cancer as an unusual cause of false positive fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography: a case report

Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2011
Ignasi Garcia-Olivé, Felipe Andreo, Òria Rosiñol, Jose Sanz-Santos, Albert Font, Eduard Monsó
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (doi:10.​1186/​1752-1947-5-72) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors' contributions

IG was a major contributor to the manuscript. OR and AF performed the histological examination of the lung. FA, JS and EM performed the bronchoscopy and the follow-up of the patients. All authors contributed to the writing the manuscript and approved the final version.



Bronchial stump aspergillosis is a rare entity characterized by cough and hemoptysis.

Case presentation

We report the case of a 58-year-old Caucasian woman who developed bronchial stump aspergillosis two years after a left upper lobe resection for lung cancer. Bronchial stump aspergillosis was diagnosed as a result of a focus of increased fluorodeoxyglucose activity in a follow-up positron emission tomography and computed tomography scan. She was treated with oral antifungal therapy and presented with good evolution after three months of treatment.


Bronchial stump aspergillosis is an unusual complication after pulmonary resection. Clinicians should be aware of it when a local recurrence of cancer around the bronchial stump is suspected based on a positive positron emission tomography and computed tomography finding.

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