There are no financial conflicts of interest. The authors have drawn upon examples from the institutions in which they are based and from courses which they teach.
JN is partly funded by an Australian National Health and Medical Research Council Health Economics Capacity Building Grant.
AM is partly funded by a University of Sydney Fellowship.
Burnet Institute (CM) acknowledges the support of the Victorian Operational Infrastructure Support Program.
The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
JN and AM conceived of the paper and wrote the first draft. All authors provided input into content and edited the draft. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
There has been increasing focus on the role of health systems in low and middle-income countries. Despite this, very little evidence exists on how best to build health systems program and research capacity in educational programs. The current experiences in building capacity in health systems in five of the most prominent global health programs at Australian universities are outlined. The strengths and weaknesses of various approaches and techniques are provided along with examples of global practice in order to provide a foundation for future discussion and thus improvements in global health systems education.