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09.05.2015 | Ausgabe 3/2016

Journal of Cancer Education 3/2016

“Burnout in Medical Oncology Fellows: a Prospective Multicenter Cohort Study in Brazilian Institutions”

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Education > Ausgabe 3/2016
Autoren:
Daniel I. G. Cubero, Renata Rego Lins Fumis, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Aldo Dettino, Felipe Osório Costa, Brigitte M. R. H. Adam Van Eyll, Carlos Beato, Fernanda Maris Peria, Augusto Mota, José Altino, Sérgio Jobim Azevedo, Duílio Reis da Rocha Filho, Melba Moura, Álvaro Edson Ramos Lessa, Auro del Giglio
Wichtige Hinweise
This article was translated from Portuguese to English by American Journal Experts. Previous presentations: 2013 Brazilian Society of Clinical Oncology Meeting in Brasilia - Brazil - Oral Presentation.

Abstract

Burnout syndrome is a common occurrence among oncologists. Doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology are exposed to similar risk factors; however, few data are available in this population. This study assessed the occurrence of burnout and associated factors among first-year residents at Brazilian institutions. The present prospective, multicenter, cohort study was conducted with doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology at Brazilian institutions affiliated with the public health system. The participants answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Lipp’s Stress Inventory, and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), upon admission to the program and 6 and 12 months later. Of 37 eligible residency programs in 2009, 11 (30.6 %) agreed to participate in the study. Fifty-four residents, representing 100 % of new admissions to the participating institutions, were included. Most of the participants met the criteria for severe burnout upon admission to the residency programs (emotional exhaustion in 49.0 % and depersonalization in 64.7 %). The scores on MBI domains emotional exhaustion and depersonalization increased significantly (p < 0.01) during the first year of residency, and the prevalence of burnout increased to 88 % at the end of that first year. The present study found a high prevalence of burnout among doctors enrolled in residency programs in clinical oncology at Brazilian institutions. A large fraction of the participants met the criteria for burnout syndrome upon admission to the program, which suggests that the problem began during the course of the previous residency program in internal medicine.

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