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01.06.2015 | Ausgabe 6/2015

Surgical Endoscopy 6/2015

C-Reactive protein and procalcitonin for the early detection of postoperative complications after sleeve gastrectomy: preliminary study in 97 patients

Zeitschrift:
Surgical Endoscopy > Ausgabe 6/2015
Autoren:
R. Kassir, P. Blanc, L. M. Bruna Tibalbo, C. Breton, P. Lointier

Abstract

Background

Fistula is the most fearsome complication after sleeve gastrectomy. The outcome depends on early and timely diagnosis. C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) have not been extensively evaluated in this context.

Objective

This study aimed to evaluate the interest of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) assay for the early detection of gastric fistula after sleeve gastrectomy and to study the PCT as an adjunctive marker to the CRP.

Setting

Private Practice.

Patients and methods

This is a retrospective analysis of data collected prospectively. This study was carried out in 97 patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy between January 2011 and December 2012. The fistula is an abnormal connection between two organs. An abscess is a collection of pus.

Results

The rate of postoperative complications (fistulas and abscesses) was 7.2 %. The incidence of fistula was 2 % and the incidence of abscess was 5 %. Both CRP and PCT were significantly higher in patients with postoperative fistula or abscess. Mean CRP was 61.3 mg/l in patients without complications and 161.3 mg/l in case of complications (p = 0.02). Mean postoperative PCT was 0.062 ng/ml in uncomplicated patients versus 0.108 mg/l in those with complications (p = 0.0006). CRP and PCT measured during the postoperative period were correlated with the occurrence of postoperative complications.

Conclusion

Early detection of fistula or abscess after sleeve gastrectomy simplifies the management of these complications. While the ideal biomarker of infection does not yet exist, this study shows that clinical observations in association with CRP and PCT measurements could be of help for the early detection of septic complications after sleeve gastrectomy.

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