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18.09.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 4/2017 Open Access

Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 4/2017

Cam morphology and inguinal pathologies: is there a possible connection?

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology > Ausgabe 4/2017
Autoren:
G. N. Bisciotti, F. Di Marzo, A. Auci, F. Parra, G. Cassaghi, A. Corsini, M. Petrera, P. Volpi, Z. Vuckovic, M. Panascì, R. Zini
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Abstract

Background

To analyse the prevalences of the cam and pincer morphologies in a cohort of patients with groin pain syndrome caused by inguinal pathologies.

Materials and methods

Forty-four patients (40 men and 4 women) who suffered from groin pain syndrome were enrolled in the study. All the patients were radiographically and clinically evaluated following a standardised protocol established by the First Groin Pain Syndrome Italian Consensus Conference on Terminology, Clinical Evaluation and Imaging Assessment in Groin Pain in Athlete. Subsequently, all of the subjects underwent a laparoscopic repair of the posterior inguinal wall.

Results

The study demonstrated an association between the cam morphology and inguinal pathologies in 88.6% of the cases (39 subjects). This relationship may be explained by noting that the cam morphology leads to biomechanical stress at the posterior inguinal wall level.

Conclusions

Athletic subjects who present the cam morphology may be considered a population at risk of developing inguinal pathologies.

Level of evidence

Level IV, Observational cross-sectional study.
Literatur
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