21.11.2018 | Original Research | Ausgabe 5/2019
Can ultrasonographic measurement of carotid intima-media thickness predict hypotension after induction of general anesthesia?
Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
- Ayhan Kaydu, Dilek Duman Güven, Erhan Gökcek
Hypotension in patients under general anesthesia is prevalent and causes unfavorable outcomes. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis and useful for evaluating the risk of cardiovascular diseases. We investigated the usefulness of preoperative CIMT measurement as a predictor of post-induction hypotension (PIH). The ultrasonographic measurement of CIMT was performed preoperatively on 82 patients scheduled for elective surgery under general anesthesia in a prospective, observational study. Mean blood pressure (MBP) was recorded before induction. Hypotension was defined as a 20% decrease in MBP from baseline. The ultrasonographic measurement of CIMT was unsuccessful in 2 (2.43%) patients, leaving 80 patients for analyses. Hypotension developed in 41 patients. CIMT was higher in the patient group with PIH than in the group without PIH (p < 0.001). There was statistically significant correlation between MBP decrease after induction and CIMT (r = 0.529, p < 0.0001). CIMT correlated positively with age (r = 0.739, p < 0.0001). The area under curve for CIMT was 0.753 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.642–0.863]. The optimal cutoff value of CIMT was 0.65 mm with a sensitivity of 75.6% and a specificity of 74.4%. CIMT was an independent predictor of PIH after adjusting other factors with an odds ratio of 1.833 (95% CI 1.23–2.72; p = 0.003). The ultrasonographic imaging and measurement of CIMT can reliably predict hypotension with a 0.65-mm threshold level. We believe that the ultrasonographic measurements of CIMT may be included in point-of-care application in anesthesiology.