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12.10.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health 2/2018

Cancer incidence in urban, rural, and densely populated districts close to core cities in Bavaria, Germany

Zeitschrift:
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
M. Radespiel-Tröger, K. Geiss, D. Twardella, W. Maier, M. Meyer

Abstract

Objective

An ecologic study on the level of districts was performed to evaluate the possible association between district type and risk of cancer in Bavaria, Southern Germany.

Methods

Cancer incidence data for the years 2003–2012 were obtained from the population-based cancer registry Bavaria according to sex and cancer site. Data on district type, socio-economic area deprivation, particulate matter exposure, tobacco consumption, and alcohol consumption were obtained from publicly available sources. The possible association between district type and cancer risk adjusted for age, socio-economic area deprivation, particulate matter exposure, tobacco consumption, and alcohol consumption was evaluated using multivariable multi-level negative binomial regression.

Results

We found a significantly reduced cancer risk in densely populated districts close to core cities and/or rural districts compared to core cities with respect to the cancer sites mouth and pharynx (women only), liver (both sexes), larynx (both sexes), lung (both sexes), melanoma of the skin (both sexes), mesothelioma (men only), connective and soft tissue (both sexes), corpus uteri, other urinary tract (men only), urinary bladder (both sexes), and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (both sexes).

Conclusion

Our findings require further monitoring. Since the apparently increased cancer risk in core cities may be related to lifestyle factors, preventive measures against lifestyle-related cancer could be specifically targeted at populations in deprived core cities.

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