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01.12.2017 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2017 Open Access

BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 1/2017

Cardiac amyloidosis mimicking severe aortic valve stenosis – a case report demonstrating diagnostic pitfalls and role of dobutamine stress echocardiography

Zeitschrift:
BMC Cardiovascular Disorders > Ausgabe 1/2017
Autoren:
Tim Salinger, Kai Hu, Dan Liu, Sebastian Herrmann, Kristina Lorenz, Georg Ertl, Peter Nordbeck

Abstract

Background

Aortic valve stenosis is a common finding diagnosed with high sensitivity in transthoracic echocardiography, but the examiner often finds himself confronted with uncertain results in patients with moderate pressure gradients and concomitant systolic heart failure. While patients with true-severe low-gradient aortic valve stenosis with either reduced or preserved left ventricular systolic function are primarily candidates for valve replacement, there is a relevant proportion of patients with pseudo-severe aortic valve stenosis anticipated not to benefit but actually rather deteriorate by interventional therapy or surgery.

Case presentation

In this article we present a case report of a male patient with pseudo-severe aortic valve stenosis due to cardiac amyloidosis highlighting the diagnostic schedule. The patient underwent stress echocardiography because of discrepant findings in transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac catheterization regarding the severity of aortic valve stenosis. After evaluation of the results, it became clear that he had a need for optimum heart failure medication and implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator.

Conclusion

Due to the pitfalls in conventional as well as invasive diagnostics at rest, Stress echocardiography should be considered part of the standard optimum diagnostic spectrum in all unclear or borderline cases in order to confirm the correct diagnosis and constitute optimal therapy.
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