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01.11.2010 | Interuniversity Cardiology Institute of the Netherlands | Ausgabe 12/2010

Netherlands Heart Journal 12/2010

Cardiac gene expression profiling – the quest for an atrium-specific biomarker

Netherlands Heart Journal > Ausgabe 12/2010
A.H. Maass, A-M.R. De Jong, J. Frederiks, M.D. Smit, L. Gouweleeuw, R.A de Boer, W.H. Van Gilst, I.C. Van Gelder
Biomarkers are gaining increasing interest to predict risk but also to aid in diagnostics. Tissue-specific biomarkers are of utmost importance to detect diseases of respective organs. As of yet there are no atriumspecific biomarkers for risk stratification of atrial disease, such as atrial fibrillation. Bioinformatics such as mRNA microarrays can help to detect tissue-enriched and possibly tissue-specific expressed genes that can be targets for biomarkers. We describe an approach to identify genes preferably expressed in atrial cardiomyocytes compared with ventricular cardiomyocytes by RNA microarray and confirmed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. By this approach we identified several atrium-enriched genes but also ventricle-enriched genes. As expected atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) mRNA showed higher expression in atrial cardiomyocytes while with adrenergic stimulation expression was almost as high in ventricular as in atrial cells. Brain-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), however, was not different between atrial and ventricular cells giving a possible explanation for increased levels of NT-proBNP in atrial fibrillation patients. Interesting identified candidates are serpine1 and ltbp2 as atrium-enriched genes whereas alpha-adrenergic receptor subtype 1b and S100A1 expression was significantly higher in ventricular cells. The identified genes need to be confirmed in human tissue and might ultimately be tested as potential biomarkers for atrial stress. (Neth Heart J 2010;18:610–4.)

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