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27.02.2019 | Original Article

Caudal Septal Extension Graft Sutured with Absorbable Material and Not Fixed to the Nasal Spine Region Compared with the Conventional Fixation Method: A Retrospective Study

Zeitschrift:
Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Autoren:
Gilberto Benavides, Pamela Villate, Carolina Malaver
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Background

The caudal septal extension graft (CSEG) is a predictable method for positioning the tip and columella during rhinoplasty, and it is commonly performed using permanent sutures and in some cases fixating the graft to the nasal spine region (NSR) (conventional method). Whether this predictability is preserved when using absorbable sutures has yet to be determined.

Methods

We performed a retrospective assessment of 1146 patients who underwent rhinoplasty performed by the same surgeon using the CSEG method from 2008 through 2017 in an academic setting. We utilized a computer-based patient record system for automatic data collection comparing outcomes of two groups: a group of patients who were operated on using the conventional fixation method (2008–2011) (group 1) with a second group in which absorbable sutures were used without fixation to the NSR (2011–2017) (group 2). The average follow-up period was 33.2 months. Patients operated on using a combination of methods and patients with less than 6 months of follow-up were excluded. All cases had the same septum-to-extension graft suturing technique with either permanent or absorbable suture material. This technique was side-to-side fixation with simple interrupted stitches.

Results

Outcomes were measured in terms of reoperation rates and complication rates grouped in 10 categories. There were no statistical differences in complication or reoperation rates between group 1 and group 2 except for suture extrusion and/or foreign body reaction (3.9% and 0.2%, respectively, P < 0.0001). Tip deprojection was of rare and similar occurrence in both groups (0.9% and 0.8%, respectively, P 0.88).

Conclusion

Suturing CSEG with absorbable material and not fixing it to the NSR is a reliable variation in the conventional technique.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.​springer.​com/​00266.

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