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01.09.2009 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2009

Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy 9/2009

CD4+ T cell responses to HLA-DP5-restricted wild-type sequence p53 peptides in patients with head and neck cancer

Zeitschrift:
Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy > Ausgabe 9/2009
Autoren:
Kazuaki Chikamatsu, Koichi Sakakura, Goro Takahashi, Atsushi Okamoto, Nobuhiko Furuya, Theresa L. Whiteside, Albert B. DeLeo, Keisuke Masuyama

Abstract

Wild-type sequence (wt) p53 peptides are attractive candidates for broadly applicable cancer vaccines. Evidence has been accumulating which indicates that CD4+ Th cells have an important role in generating and maintaining antitumor immune responses. To elucidate the nature of CD4+ Th responses to wt p53 epitopes in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from HLA-DP5+ patients were stimulated with HLA-DP5-restricted wt p53 peptides, p53108–122 or p53153–166, and tested for the release of IFN-γ and IL-5 in ELISPOT assays. Immunohistochemistry for p53 accumulation in tumors, and ELISA for serum antibodies to p53 were also performed. Eleven (57.9%) of 19 HLA-DP5+ patients but none of 5 healthy donors had detectable Th1 and/or Th2 responses to wt p53 peptides by ELISPOT assay. Among these 11 responding patients, 9 (81.8%) and all 11 (100%) patients had a tumor burden and p53 accumulation, respectively. On the other hand, two responding patients were in post-operative condition. Interestingly, among nine patients with a tumor burden, four patients with early disease showed either Th1-polarized or mixed Th1/Th2 responses, while five patients with advanced disease showed either Th2-polarized or mixed Th1/Th2 responses. Our results suggest that wt p53108–122 and p53153–166 peptides stimulate both Th1- and Th2-type CD4+ T cell responses in patients with SCCHN, and anti-p53 Th responses may persist even after surgical resection of the tumor; however, the presence of a tumor and its progression may affect the nature of immune responses to wt p53 peptides.

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