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22.02.2018 | Original Paper

Census Tract Poverty and Racial Disparities in HIV Rates in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, 2009–2014

AIDS and Behavior
Crystal Gibson, Katarina Grande, Casey Schumann, Mari Gasiorowicz


Previous work has documented associations between poverty and HIV. Understanding of these relationships at local levels could help target prevention efforts; however, HIV surveillance systems do not capture individual-level poverty measures. We utilized the Public Health Disparities Geocoding Project methods to examine HIV rates by census tract poverty. HIV rates and rate ratios were computed by census tract poverty (< 5.0, 5.0–9.9, 10.0–19.9, > 20.0% of individual below the federal poverty level) for all races and stratified by Black and White race using Poisson regression. We observed higher HIV rates in the highest poverty gradient compared to the lowest poverty gradient for all races combined and among White cases. After adjustment, HIV rates were similar across poverty gradients for all comparisons. Our findings suggest that the association between poverty and HIV may differ by subpopulation, while demonstrating the potential for HIV prevention targeting residents of high poverty areas.

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