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26.06.2019 | Original Research Article

Central and peripheral steady-state visual evoked potentials in children with optic pathway gliomas

Zeitschrift:
Documenta Ophthalmologica
Autoren:
Sarah Zakaib Rassi, Luis H. Ospina, Ariane Bochereau, Yvan Samson, Sébastien Perreault, Dave Saint-Amour
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

Treatment of optic pathway gliomas is prompted by neuroradiological evidence of tumor growth, usually associated with progressive visual loss. Despite therapy, approximately 40% will show visual deterioration. Treatment outcome is largely based on the preservation of vision. However, current visual function assessment is often unreliable in children with optic pathway gliomas who have limited collaboration. Thus, there is a need for new clinical tools to evaluate visual functions in these children. The aim of the study was to assess the value of steady-state visual evoked potentials as a tool to assess function in the central and peripheral visual fields of children with optic pathway gliomas.

Method

Ten patients with optic pathway gliomas and 33 healthy controls (ages 3 to 18 years) were tested using steady-state visual evoked potentials. The dartboard stimulus consisted of one central circle alternating at 16 reversals/s and one peripheral hoop alternating at 14.4 reversals/s, separated by a hoop of gray space. It was presented monocularly at 30% and 96% contrasts.

Results

Results indicated that central signal-to-noise ratios were significantly lower in children with optic pathway gliomas compared to controls. However, no significant group difference was detected in the peripheral visual field.

Conclusion

Steady-state visual evoked potentials could eventually be implemented in the clinical assessment and follow-up of central visual field deficits in uncooperative or nonverbal children but seem to have limited usefulness for evaluation of peripheral visual field deficits. Additional studies are needed to identify testing parameters for full visual field assessment.

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Literatur
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