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21.06.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2017

Pediatric Cardiology 6/2017

Central Arterial Function Measured by Non-invasive Pulse Wave Analysis is Abnormal in Patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 6/2017
Autoren:
Thomas D. Ryan, John J. Parent, Zhiqian Gao, Philip R. Khoury, Elizabeth Dupont, Jennifer N. Smith, Brenda Wong, Elaine M. Urbina, John L. Jefferies

Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder caused by mutation of dystrophin. Cardiovascular involvement includes dilated cardiomyopathy. Non-invasive assessment of vascular function has not been evaluated in DMD. We hypothesize arterial wave reflection is abnormal in patients with DMD. Pulse wave analysis was performed on DMD patients with a SphygmoCor SCOR-PVx System to determine central blood pressure and augmentation index (AIx) as an assessment of arterial wave reflection. Results were compared to a control group. A total of 43 patients with DMD were enrolled, and compared to 43 normal controls. Central systolic blood pressure was lower, while both AIx-75 (7.8 ± 9.6% vs. 2.1 ± 10.4%, p 0.01, DMD vs. normal) and AIx-not corrected (16.8 ± 10.1% vs. −3.6 ± 10.9, p < 0.001, DMD vs. normal) were higher in the DMD compared to control. Using multivariable linear regression model, the variables found to have a significant effect on AIx-not corrected included diagnosis of DMD, height, and heart rate (r 2 = 0.257). The current data suggest that, despite lower central systolic blood pressure, patients with DMD have higher wave reflection when compared to normal controls, which may represent increased arterial stiffness. Overall there appears to be no effect on ventricular systolic function, however the long-term consequence in this group is unknown. Further study is required to determine the mechanism of these differences, which may be related to the effects of systemic steroids or the role of dystrophin in vascular function.

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