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25.03.2018 | Ausgabe 3/2019

Journal of Cancer Education 3/2019

Cervical Cancer Patients’ Willingness and Ability to Serve as Health Care Educators to Advocate for Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Cancer Education > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Ilene G. Ladd, Radhika P. Gogoi, Tyler L. Bogaczyk, Sharon L. Larson

Abstract

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes nearly all cervical cancer. Only half of females and less than half of males receive the recommended HPV vaccine dose. This study explores whether cervical cancer patients may serve as health advocates to adolescents and their parents in encouraging the uptake of the HPV vaccine. The study targeted an opportunity sample of women seen in the gynecology oncology clinic with a diagnosis of cervical cancer. During interviews, patients were asked about the following: provider conversations regarding cervical cancer, knowledge of HPV and the vaccine, discussions with family or friends about the causes or prevention of cervical cancer, and whether they would be willing to talk with others about the HPV vaccine. Twenty-three interviews were conducted in 2016–2017. Patients ranged from 28 to 61 years of age. Four team members developed a coding list, then used these themes to code the interviews. Six themes resulted from the analysis of the transcripts: (1) Expressions of fears, questioning effectiveness of vaccine; (2) Low level of health literacy; (3) Acquiring health information from television, internet; (4) Provider conversations (with patients regarding HPV and the vaccine); (5) Patient stigma surrounding cervical cancer; (6) Patients’ willingness to serve as a health care educator. While cervical cancer patients overall expressed a willingness to serve as health care educators, barriers remain. Low health literacy and a lack of understanding of the causes of cervical cancer persist. These issues will need to be addressed in order for cervical cancer patients to be effective advocates.

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