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01.12.2018 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

BMC Nephrology 1/2018

Change in alkaline phosphatase activity associated with intensive care unit and hospital length of stay in patients with septic acute kidney injury on continuous renal replacement therapy

BMC Nephrology > Ausgabe 1/2018
Seung Don Baek, Jae-Young Kang, Hoon Yu, Seulgi Shin, Hyang-Sook Park, Mi-Soon Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, So Mi Kim, Jai Won Chang



Evidence suggests that alkaline phosphatase attenuates inflammatory response in sepsis by lipopolysaccharide detoxification and adenosine triphosphate dephosphorylation. We sought to determine changes in alkaline phosphatase (AP) activity during septic acute kidney injury (AKI) and clinical parameters associated with AP activity.


In this retrospective study, we investigated baseline (when initiating CRRT) and follow-up AP activity on day 3, and associated outcomes in patients who underwent continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) due to septic AKI.


We analyzed the baseline AP activity of 155 patients and day 3 AP activity in 123 patients. Baseline AP activity was not associated with renal or inflammatory biomarkers, or outcomes. It did not significantly differ between the 75 survivors and 80 non-survivors (p = 0.155). AP activity was higher on day 3 than at baseline (105 U/L [interquartile range, 79–156] vs 90 U/L [interquartile range, 59–133]). In particular, liver and bone isoforms increased significantly (p < 0.05), but intestine isoforms did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.367). In addition, day 3 AP activity showed a weak correlation with length of ICU stay (r = 0.213, p = 0.018) and length of hospital stay (r = 0.216, p = 0.017), but not with survival (r = − 0.035, p = 0.698).


Endogenous AP activity significantly increased in patients with septic AKI. However, neither baseline nor follow-up AP activity was associated with survival.
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