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06.04.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 9/2018

Supportive Care in Cancer 9/2018

Changes in Borg scale for resistance training and test of exercise tolerance in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Zeitschrift:
Supportive Care in Cancer > Ausgabe 9/2018
Autoren:
Shinichiro Morishita, Tatsushi Wakasugi, Takashi Tanaka, Tetsuya Harada, Katsuji Kaida, Kazuhiro Ikegame, Hiroyasu Ogawa, Kazuhisa Domen

Abstract

Purpose

We aimed to investigate the relationship between Borg scale and intensity of resistance training in patients who had undergone allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Furthermore, the relationship between Borg scale, heart rate (HR), and intensity of exercise tolerance test was also studied.

Methods

The study included 28 patients (19 men and 9 women) who had undergone allo-HSCT between June 2015 and February 2017. Their knee extension strengths and exercise tolerances were evaluated. Patients were asked to grade between 0 and 10 on Borg scale based on the level of difficulty experienced during exercising, after 10 repetitions in randomized 20, 40, and 60% resistance training for knee extension. Additionally, we evaluated Borg scale, HR, and load intensity during exercise tolerance test, every minute of the exercise for 2 weeks before and 3 weeks after HSCT.

Results

Knee extension strength and exercise tolerance were significantly decreased 3 weeks after HSCT from those before HSCT (p < 0.01). Additionally, rise in Borg scale with increase in load intensity during knee extension resistance training, both before and after HSCT (p < 0.01), was noted. Furthermore, Borg scale was found to be associated with HR and load intensity during exercise tolerance test in patients both before and after HSCT (p < 0.01).

Conclusions

A correlation was found between Borg scale with intensity of resistance training and exercise tolerance in patients who had undergone allo-HSCT. Therefore, Borg scale could be useful to determine the intensity of physical exercise in patients who have undergone allo-HSCT.

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