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01.12.2015 | Research article | Ausgabe 1/2015 Open Access

BMC Pulmonary Medicine 1/2015

Changes in PH in exhaled breath condensate after specific bronchial challenge test in patients with chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: a prospective study

Zeitschrift:
BMC Pulmonary Medicine > Ausgabe 1/2015
Autoren:
I. Ojanguren, M J Cruz, A. Villar, M. Sanchez-Ortiz, F. Morell, X. Munoz
Wichtige Hinweise

Competing interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Authors’ contributions

XM had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. IO: contributed to data collection, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the manuscript for important intellectual content, and reading and approving the final manuscript. XM, FM, MJC and AV: contributed to study conception and design, analysis and interpretation of data, drafting the manuscript for important intellectual content, and reading and approving the final manuscript. MJC and MS-O: contributed to laboratory analysis and interpretation of data and reading and approving the final manuscript. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the specific inhalation challenge (SIC) on changes of pH values in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP).

Methods

A prospective study of 85 patients with suspected HP, of whom 63 were diagnosed with HP due to exposure to avian or fungal antigens. In all cases, EBC samples were collected before and after completion of the SIC and pH values were determined.

Results

Taken as a whole, patients with HP did not present changes in EBC pH after SIC. However, considering only patients with exposure to molds, those diagnosed with HP had a significantly more acid pH post-SIC than those with another diagnosis (p = 0.011). This fact is not observed in patients exposed to bird’s antigens. A ROC curve showed that a reduction in EBC pH of 0.3 units or more after SIC in patients diagnosed with HP due to exposure to molds had a sensitivity of 30 % (CI: 12.8 to 54.3 %) and a specificity of 100 % (CI: 65.5 to 100 %).

Conclusion

EBC pH may be useful in interpreting SIC results in patients with HP, especially in those patients exposed to molds. Further studies are now required to test the validity of these proposals.
Literatur
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