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19.01.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 2/2018

Clinical and Experimental Medicine 2/2018

Changes of FibroScan, APRI, and FIB-4 in chronic hepatitis B patients with significant liver histological changes receiving 3-year entecavir therapy

Zeitschrift:
Clinical and Experimental Medicine > Ausgabe 2/2018
Autoren:
Qiang Li, Liang Chen, Yu Zhou

Abstract

Noninvasive fibrosis tests have been used widely for evaluation of liver fibrosis in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We aimed to investigate the influence of antiviral treatment on FibroScan, APRI, and FIB-4 in CHB patients with significant liver histological changes (SLHC) defined as inflammatory grade ≥ A2 and/or fibrosis stage ≥ F2. A total of 104 CHB patients with SLHC at the baseline were included. FibroScan, APRI, and FIB-4 values were compared before and after 3-year entecavir (ETV) treatment. Liver stiffness measurement values decreased significantly after 3-year ETV treatment in cirrhosis group (from 13.6 to 9.6 kPa, p = 0.018), significant fibrosis group (from 8.4 to 5.8 kPa, p = 0.001), and mild fibrosis group (from 5.5 to 4 kPa, p < 0.001). APRI decreased significantly after 3-year ETV treatment in patients with cirrhosis (from 0.80 to 0.25, p < 0.001), patients with significant fibrosis (from 0.54 to 0.24, p < 0.001), and those with mild fibrosis (from 0.35 to 0.23, p < 0.001). FIB-4 decreased significantly after 3-year ETV treatment in patients with cirrhosis (from 1.27 to 0.81, p = 0.007) and significant fibrosis (from 1.12 to 0.78, p < 0.001), while did not decrease significantly in patients with mild fibrosis (from 0.90 to 0.80, p = 0.389). FibroScan, APRI, and FIB-4 values decreased significantly after 3-year ETV treatment in CHB patients, which indicates that these noninvasive fibrosis tests might be useful for monitoring regression of liver fibrosis and assessing treatment efficacy during long-term ETV treatment.

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