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25.03.2020 | Original Article

Changes of third ventricle diameter (TVD) mirror changes of the entire ventricular system at acute shunt failure and after shunt revision in pediatric hydrocephalus

Zeitschrift:
Child's Nervous System
Autoren:
Susanne R. Kerscher, Louise L. Schweizer, Karin Haas-Lude, Andrea Bevot, Martin U. Schuhmann
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Abstract

Purpose

In hydrocephalic children, regular investigations of the ventricles are important for initial diagnosis and after initial treatment. Our recent study showed that changes of the third ventricle diameter (TVD) reliably reflect changes of the entire ventricular system at diagnosis and following initial therapy. This study compares changes of TVD with changes of ventricle indices at acute shunt failure and after shunt revision in hydrocephalic children.

Methods

A total of 117 children with hydrocephalus were included in this study. MRI/CT images of 30 children were evaluated at the time of acute shunt dysfunction and after subsequent shunt revision. Measurements included axial TVD and three standard measures of lateral ventricles (Evans index, frontal occipital horn ratio (FOHR), and cella media index (CMI)). In 97 children, correlation between axial and coronal/diagonal TVD was evaluated at the time of initial diagnosis of hydrocephalus.

Results

At acute shunt dysfunction, the best linear correlation was found between TVD and CMI (r = 0.702, p < 0.01). Changes of TVD correlated very well to changes of FOHR (r = 0.74, p < 0.01) after shunt revision. The correlation between axial and coronal/diagonal TVD was outstanding (r = 0.995, p < 0.01).

Conclusion

TVD showed a significant correlation with all lateral ventricle indices at acute shunt dysfunction and after shunt revision. It is therefore not only an excellent mirror of ventricular changes at initial hydrocephalus diagnosis and therapy, but it can also reliably reflect changes of the ventricular system in relevant clinical situations associated with the lifelong treatment of pediatric hydrocephalus.

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