Skip to main content

01.05.2009 | Ausgabe 5/2009

World Journal of Surgery 5/2009

Characteristics of Esophagorespiratory Fistulas Resulting from Esophageal Cancers: A Single-Center Study on 243 Cases in a 20-Year Period

World Journal of Surgery > Ausgabe 5/2009
Akos Balazs, Zoltan Galambos, Peter K. Kupcsulik



Esophagorespiratory fistulas are serious complications of esophageal tumors. The main goal of this study was to reveal their characteristics.


In the period between 1984 and 2004, 243 fistulas were diagnosed among the 1993 patients with esophageal cancer. Comparing the characteristic data of patients with and without fistula (demographics, symptoms, duration time of symptoms, morphologic features, histology, metastases, staging), multivariance analysis showed significant differences (P < 0.05). Patients with fistula were divided into two additional groups (I, n = 82; II, n = 161 cases) with cluster analysis. The difference between these two groups was also significant.


It was possible to perform a palliative endoscopic intubation in 176 cases, while 62 patients could be treated only supportively. The average survival was 3.4 and 1.2 months, respectively. Fistula was a late complication of tumor in two thirds (66.3%) of the cases, while in 33.7% it was diagnosed in younger patients at the early stage of the disease, with a more aggressive, less differentiated histology. In these patients the weight loss, the grade of dysphagia, and the size of the tumor were smaller, the possibilities of treatment were fewer, and survival time was shorter (2.1 vs. 3.1 months).


These tumors seem to be specific forms of esophageal cancers. For a better quality of life and longer survival time for these patients, there should be earlier diagnosis and endoscopic intubation as the best palliative treatment should be performed.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Jetzt e.Med zum Sonderpreis bestellen!

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 5/2009

World Journal of Surgery 5/2009 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med Chirurgie 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.


Neu im Fachgebiet Chirurgie

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Chirurgie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.