Skip to main content
main-content

04.05.2018 | Original Article | Ausgabe 6/2018 Open Access

Pediatric Cardiology 6/2018

Characterization of the Placenta in the Newborn with Congenital Heart Disease: Distinctions Based on Type of Cardiac Malformation

Zeitschrift:
Pediatric Cardiology > Ausgabe 6/2018
Autoren:
Jack Rychik, Donna Goff, Eileen McKay, Antonio Mott, Zhiyun Tian, Daniel J. Licht, J. William Gaynor

Abstract

The placenta is a complex organ that influences prenatal growth and development, and through fetal programming impacts postnatal health and well-being lifelong. Little information exists on placental pathology in the presence of congenital heart disease (CHD). Our objective is to characterize the placenta in CHD and investigate for distinctions based on type of malformation present. Placental pathology from singleton neonates prenatally diagnosed and delivered at > 37 weeks gestation was analyzed. Placental findings of absolute weight, placental weight-to-newborn birth weight ratio, chorangiosis, villus maturity, thrombosis, and infarction were recorded and analyzed based on four physiological categories of CHD: (1) single ventricle-aortic obstruction, (2) single ventricle-pulmonic obstruction, (3) two-ventricle anomalies, and (4) transposition of the great arteries (TGA). Associations between fetal Doppler assessments of middle cerebral/umbilical arterial flow and placental findings were investigated. A total of 120 cases of complex CHD were analyzed. Overall placental-to-birth weight ratios were < 10th percentile for 77% and < 3rd percentile for 49% with abnormalities of chorangiosis (18%), hypomature villi (15%), thrombosis (41%), and infarction (17%) common. There was no association between fetal Doppler flow measures and placental abnormalities. Newborns with TGA had the greatest degree of placental abnormality. Placentas of newborns with CHD are smaller than expected and manifest a number of vascular abnormalities, with TGA most prominent. Fetal Doppler does not correlate with these abnormalities. Studies investigating the relationship between placental abnormalities and postnatal outcomes may offer insight into the fetal origins of outcome variability in CHD.

Unsere Produktempfehlungen

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf SpringerMedizin.de. Zusätzlich können Sie eine Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl in gedruckter Form beziehen – ohne Aufpreis.

Bis zum 22.10. bestellen und 100 € sparen!

e.Med Pädiatrie

Kombi-Abonnement

Mit e.Med Pädiatrie erhalten Sie Zugang zu CME-Fortbildungen des Fachgebietes Pädiatrie, den Premium-Inhalten der pädiatrischen Fachzeitschriften, inklusive einer gedruckten Pädiatrie-Zeitschrift Ihrer Wahl.

Nicht verpassen: e.Med bis 22. Oktober 100 € günstiger.

Literatur
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 6/2018

Pediatric Cardiology 6/2018 Zur Ausgabe

Neu im Fachgebiet Kardiologie

 

 

 
 

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update Kardiologie und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.

Bildnachweise