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10.02.2020 | Chest

Chest CT imaging features for prediction of treatment response in cryptogenic and connective tissue disease–related organizing pneumonia

Zeitschrift:
European Radiology
Autoren:
Young Hoon Cho, Eun Jin Chae, Jin Woo Song, Kyung-Hyun Do, Se Jin Jang
Wichtige Hinweise

Electronic supplementary material

The online version of this article (https://​doi.​org/​10.​1007/​s00330-019-06651-5) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Abstract

Objectives

To investigate CT imaging features associated with poor clinical outcome after corticosteroid treatment in patients diagnosed with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) and connective tissue disease–related organizing pneumonia (CTD-OP) and to assess the difference in CT findings and treatment responses between COP and CTD-OP.

Methods

Chest CT images from 166 patients (COP, 131; CTD-OP, 35) with pathologically proven organizing pneumonia were reviewed by two thoracic radiologists. The type, distribution pattern, and extent of parenchymal abnormalities, along with other associated imaging features, were assessed for each patient. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify features associated with poor clinical outcomes such as residual disease (RD) and disease relapse. The differences between COP and CTD-OP were also analyzed.

Results

Consolidation involving more than 10% of parenchyma (hazard ratio [HR], 2.27), detectable bronchiectasis (HR, 3.59), and diagnosis of CTD-OP (HR, 4.31) were associated with a higher risk of RD after adjustments for patient age and sex. More than 10% consolidation involvement (HR, 2.54) and diagnosis of CTD-OP (HR, 6.42) were also associated with a higher risk of disease relapse. Compared with COP, CTD-OP demonstrated a greater extent of parenchymal abnormalities, especially consolidation, and was less likely to show a peribronchovascular distribution pattern.

Conclusion

Bronchiectasis and a greater extent of consolidation were associated with RD, with the latter also being associated with disease relapse. Compared with COP, CTD-OP was associated with worse treatment outcomes and demonstrated a greater extent of parenchymal abnormalities, which were also less likely to show a peribronchovascular pattern.

Key Points

• The presence of bronchiectasis and a high parenchymal involvement of consolidation on initial chest CT were associated with a worse response to corticosteroids in patients with organizing pneumonia.
• Connective tissue disease–related organizing pneumonia (CTD-OP) was associated with worse treatment outcomes than its idiopathic counterpart cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP).
• Compared with COP, CTD-OP generally demonstrated a greater extent of parenchymal abnormalities, especially consolidation, and was less likely to show a peribronchovascular distribution pattern.

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