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01.12.2018 | Case report | Ausgabe 1/2018 Open Access

Journal of Medical Case Reports 1/2018

Chilaiditi syndrome – a rare case of pneumoperitoneum in the emergency department: a case report

Journal of Medical Case Reports > Ausgabe 1/2018
Mohamed M. Gad, Muneer J. Al-Husseini, Sami Salahia, Anas M. Saad, Ramy Amin



Pneumoperitoneum poses an important diagnostic sign determining the urgency of management of patients in an emergency department. Chilaiditi sign is a rare radiologic finding of large intestines transposition between the diaphragm and the liver. If the patient becomes symptomatic, then the condition is called Chilaiditi syndrome.

Case presentation

We present a rare case of a 49-year-old Egyptian man who presented to our emergency department complaining of cough and vague abdominal discomfort who was found to have Chilaiditi syndrome diagnosed radiologically by computed tomography scan. He was conservatively managed rather than undergoing invasive non-warranted diagnostic and therapeutic testing that may have resulted in increased morbidity.


A review of the current literature on Chilaiditi syndrome is provided with a focus on increasing the familiarity of health care professionals with the conditions and stressing the importance of a physical examination in evaluating patients with what appears to be air under the diaphragm.

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