What is Known:
•Trend analyses have shown that obesity prevalence in Australia is increasing and will outrank UK and the USA by 2022.
•Every third Australian child/adolescent between 5 and 19 years old is predicted to be classified as overweight or obese by 2025.
•Childhood obesity is associated with multiple immediate physical and psychological health co-morbidities as well as co-morbidities in adulthood. These have often been identified and examined individually.
What is New:
•This paper presents a holistic picture of childhood obesity and the associated multiple co-morbidities in Australia.
•The extensive health-related outcomes from childhood obesity and those requiring further research are identified.
•The findings of this paper will influence the development of local/regional, state and national strategies to change Australia’s future trajectory.