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22.03.2017 | Original Article | Ausgabe 10/2017 Open Access

International Urogynecology Journal 10/2017

Choice of mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI: a survey among Dutch gynecologists

Zeitschrift:
International Urogynecology Journal > Ausgabe 10/2017
Autoren:
Judith J. A. E. Donners, Kirsten B. Kluivers, Jan W. de Leeuw, Jeroen van Dillen, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, Mirjam Weemhoff

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis

National and international guidelines do not provide clear recommendations on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI). The aim of this study was to investigate the opinion of gynecologists in The Netherlands on this choice and the extent to which this choice is affected by the gynecologist’s characteristics.

Methods

Of 973 gynecologists sent a questionnaire seeking their opinion on the mode of delivery in 16 different case descriptions, 234 (24%) responded. Factors influencing the opinion of the respondents on the mode of delivery, the presence of anal symptoms, the degree of OASI and the characteristics of the respondents were analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

Results

Recommendations on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI showed considerable variation. The recommendations depended on (previous) symptoms and the degree of OASI. For gynecologists who based their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography outcomes (7–20% depending on the case), the degree of OASI and severity of (previous) symptoms were less important. Gynecologists basing their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography recommended a primary cesarean section less often. Gynecologist’s characteristics (including years of experience, type of hospital and subspecialty) had a small effect on their recommendations on the mode of delivery.

Conclusions

Due to lack of evidence, recommendations of gynecologists in The Netherlands on the mode of delivery in a subsequent pregnancy after OASI vary widely and depend on (previous) symptoms and the degree of OASI. Gynecologists who based their recommendations on endoanal ultrasonography outcomes recommended cesarean section less often.

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