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17.09.2018 | 2018 SSAT Poster Presentation | Ausgabe 3/2019

Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery 3/2019

Cholecystectomy Vs. Cholecystostomy for the Management of Acute Cholecystitis in Elderly Patients

Zeitschrift:
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery > Ausgabe 3/2019
Autoren:
Francisco Schlottmann, Charles Gaber, Paula D. Strassle, Marco G. Patti, Anthony G. Charles

Abstract

Background

Data comparing outcomes following cholecystectomy and cholecystostomy tube placement (CTP) in elderly patients are lacking. We aimed to compare the post-procedural outcomes between cholecystectomy and CTP in elderly patients with acute cholecystitis.

Methods

We performed a retrospective, population-based analysis using the National Inpatient Sample for the period 2000–2014. Patients ≥ 65 years old admitted with a primary diagnosis of acute cholecystitis and who underwent either cholecystectomy or CTP during their hospitalization were included. Multivariable linear and logistic regression models were used to analyze post-procedural complications, mortality, length of stay, and total charges. The effect of procedure type on patient outcomes, stratified by acalculous and calculous cholecystitis, was also performed.

Results

A total of 200,915 patients were included, of which 7516 underwent CTP and 193,399 underwent cholecystectomy. The median age of patients undergoing CTP and cholecystectomy was 80 (IQR 73–87) and 75 (IQR 70–81), respectively. Patients undergoing CTP were more likely to have post-procedural infection (OR 2.25; 95% CI 2.07, 2.45), bleeding (OR 1.28; 95% CI 1.19, 1.37), and inpatient mortality (OR 9.27; 95% CI 7.95, 10.81). On average, CTP patients stayed 1.25 days longer (95% CI 1.14, 1.37) in hospital after the procedure. The benefits of cholecystectomy were consistent in patients with acalculous and calculous cholecystitis.

Conclusions

Elderly patients with both acalculous and calculous acute cholecystitis managed with CTP have higher incidences of post-procedural morbidity and mortality, and longer post-procedure length of hospital stay, as compared to cholecystectomy. Unless prohibitive surgical risks exist, elderly patients with acute cholecystitis should undergo cholecystectomy.

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