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08.02.2020 | KNEE

Chondral lesions at the medial femoral condyle, meniscal degeneration, anterior cruciate ligament insufficiency, and lateral meniscal tears impair the middle-term results after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy

Zeitschrift:
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Autoren:
Mirco Sgroi, Johanna Gninka, Michael Fuchs, Andreas M. Seitz, Heiko Reichel, Thomas Kappe
Wichtige Hinweise

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Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the present study was to analyse which clinical, radiological and arthroscopic findings are able to predict the postoperative outcome after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. Furthermore, the present study aimed to investigate the postoperative outcome after partial meniscectomy in patients with degenerative meniscal lesions.

Methods

A total of 91 patients with a follow-up period of 34.7 ± 11.4 months after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy were included in this retrospective study. Clinical, radiological, and arthroscopic data were analysed at the time of follow-up. The multivariable linear regression analysis for postoperative outcome, based on the Western Ontario Meniscal Evaluation Tool (WOMET), included age, gender, body mass index, physical activity, presence of cartilage lesions, leg alignment, grade of radiographic osteoarthritis, location of meniscal lesions, meniscal extrusion, meniscal degeneration, presence of an anterior cruciate ligament tears as well as bone marrow lesions.

Results

WOMET and WOMAC scores showed a significant improvement of 45.0 ± 48.1 points (CI 34.9–55.1; p ≤ 0.0001) and 75.1 ± 69.3 points (CI 60.6–89.6; p = 0.001) within the follow-up period. Multivariable linear regression analysis showed that poor preoperative WOMET scores (p = 0.001), presence of cartilage lesions at the medial femoral condylus (p = 0.001), meniscal degeneration (p = 0.008), the presence of an anterior cruciate ligament lesion (p = 0.005), and lateral meniscal tears (p = 0.039) were associated with worse postoperative outcomes. Patients with femoral bone marrow lesions had better outcome (p = 0.038).

Conclusion

Poor preoperative WOMET scores, presence of cartilage lesions at the medial femoral condylus, meniscal degeneration, concomitant anterior cruciate ligament lesions as well as lateral meniscal tears are correlated with worse postoperative outcomes after arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. Patients with femoral bone marrow lesions femoral are more likely to gain benefit from arthroscopic partial meniscectomy in the middle term. Despite justified recent restrictions in indication, arthroscopic partial meniscectomy seems to effectively reduce pain and alleviate symptoms in carefully selected patients with degenerative meniscal tears.

Level of evidence

III.

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