Skip to main content
main-content
Erschienen in: Current Pain and Headache Reports 9/2019

01.09.2019 | Chronic Daily Headache (SJ Wang, Section Editor)

Chronic Headache: a Review of Interventional Treatment Strategies in Headache Management

verfasst von: Ruchir Gupta, Kyle Fisher, Srinivas Pyati

Erschienen in: Current Pain and Headache Reports | Ausgabe 9/2019

Einloggen, um Zugang zu erhalten

Abstract

Purpose of the Review

To provide an overview of current interventional pain management techniques for primary headaches with a focus on peripheral nerve stimulation and nerve blocks.

Recent Findings

Despite a plethora of treatment modalities, some forms of headaches remain intractable to conservative therapies. Interventional pain modalities have found a niche in treating headaches. Individuals resistant to common regimens, intolerant to pharmaceutical agents, or those with co-morbid factors that cause interactions with their therapies are some instances where interventions could be considered in the therapeutic algorithm. In this review, we will discuss these techniques including peripheral nerve stimulation, third occipital nerve block (TON), lesser occipital nerve block (LON), greater occipital nerve block (GON), sphenopalatine block (SPG), radiofrequency ablation (RFA), and cervical epidural steroid injections (CESI).

Summary

Physicians have used several interventional techniques to treat primary headaches. While many can be treated pharmacologically, those who continue to suffer from refractory or severe headaches may see tremendous benefit from a range of more invasive treatments which focus on directly inhibiting the painful nerves. While there is a plethora of evidence suggesting these methods are effective and possibly durable interventions, there is still a need for large, prospective, randomized trials to clearly demonstrate their efficacy.
Literatur
2.
Zurück zum Zitat Wahezi SE, Silva K, Shaparin N, Lederman A, Emam M, Haramati N, et al. Currently recommended TON Injectate volumes concomitantly block the GON: clinical implications for managing cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2016;19(7):E1079–86. PubMed Wahezi SE, Silva K, Shaparin N, Lederman A, Emam M, Haramati N, et al. Currently recommended TON Injectate volumes concomitantly block the GON: clinical implications for managing cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2016;19(7):E1079–86. PubMed
3.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Levin M. The International Classification of Headache Disorders, (ICHD III)–changes and challenges. Headache. 2013;53(8):1383–95. This artcle provides rationale behind ICHD classification, a guide to its use; and summary of improtant diagniostic features. CrossRef •• Levin M. The International Classification of Headache Disorders, (ICHD III)–changes and challenges. Headache. 2013;53(8):1383–95. This artcle provides rationale behind ICHD classification, a guide to its use; and summary of improtant diagniostic features. CrossRef
4.
Zurück zum Zitat Nelson S, Taylor LP. Headaches in brain tumor patients: primary or secondary? Headache. 2014;54(4):776–85. PubMedCrossRef Nelson S, Taylor LP. Headaches in brain tumor patients: primary or secondary? Headache. 2014;54(4):776–85. PubMedCrossRef
5.
Zurück zum Zitat Lipton R, Bigal M, Steiner T, Silberstein S, Olesen J. Classification of primary headaches. Neurology. 2004;63(3):427–35. PubMedCrossRef Lipton R, Bigal M, Steiner T, Silberstein S, Olesen J. Classification of primary headaches. Neurology. 2004;63(3):427–35. PubMedCrossRef
6.
Zurück zum Zitat Franco AL, Gonçalves DA, Castanharo SM, Speciali JG, Bigal ME, Camparis CM. Migraine is the most prevalent primary headache in individuals with temporomandibular disorders. J Orofac Pain. 2010;24(3). Franco AL, Gonçalves DA, Castanharo SM, Speciali JG, Bigal ME, Camparis CM. Migraine is the most prevalent primary headache in individuals with temporomandibular disorders. J Orofac Pain. 2010;24(3).
7.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Becker WJ. Cervicogenic headache: evidence that the neck is a pain generator. Headache. 2010;50(4):699–705. This article takes a pro stance that abnormalities in the neck is a significant source of headache, particlarly the upper cervical zygophyseal joints. PubMedCrossRef •• Becker WJ. Cervicogenic headache: evidence that the neck is a pain generator. Headache. 2010;50(4):699–705. This article takes a pro stance that abnormalities in the neck is a significant source of headache, particlarly the upper cervical zygophyseal joints. PubMedCrossRef
8.
Zurück zum Zitat Becker G, Blum HE. Novel opioid antagonists for opioid-induced bowel dysfunction and postoperative ileus. Lancet. 2009;373(9670):1198–206. PubMedCrossRef Becker G, Blum HE. Novel opioid antagonists for opioid-induced bowel dysfunction and postoperative ileus. Lancet. 2009;373(9670):1198–206. PubMedCrossRef
9.
Zurück zum Zitat Bogduk N, Windsor M, Inglis A. The innervation of the cervical intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1988;13(1):2–8. CrossRef Bogduk N, Windsor M, Inglis A. The innervation of the cervical intervertebral discs. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1988;13(1):2–8. CrossRef
10.
Zurück zum Zitat Wu B, Yang L, Peng B. Ingrowth of nociceptive receptors into diseased cervical intervertebral disc is associated with discogenic neck pain. Pain Med. 2019. Wu B, Yang L, Peng B. Ingrowth of nociceptive receptors into diseased cervical intervertebral disc is associated with discogenic neck pain. Pain Med. 2019.
11.
Zurück zum Zitat • Peng B, Bogduk N. Cervical discs as a source of neck pain. An analysis of the evidence. Pain Med. 2019;20(3):446–55. This article describes basic science evidence that cervical discs contain nociceptive innervation and potentially be an important source of neck pain. PubMedCrossRef • Peng B, Bogduk N. Cervical discs as a source of neck pain. An analysis of the evidence. Pain Med. 2019;20(3):446–55. This article describes basic science evidence that cervical discs contain nociceptive innervation and potentially be an important source of neck pain. PubMedCrossRef
12.
Zurück zum Zitat Özge A, Termine C, Antonaci F, Natriashvili S, Guidetti V, Wöber-Bingöl C. Overview of diagnosis and management of paediatric headache. Part I: diagnosis. J Headache Pain. 2011;12(1):13–23. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Özge A, Termine C, Antonaci F, Natriashvili S, Guidetti V, Wöber-Bingöl C. Overview of diagnosis and management of paediatric headache. Part I: diagnosis. J Headache Pain. 2011;12(1):13–23. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
13.
Zurück zum Zitat Koehler PJ, Boes CJ. A history of non-drug treatment in headache, particularly migraine. Brain. 2010;133(8):2489–500. PubMedCrossRef Koehler PJ, Boes CJ. A history of non-drug treatment in headache, particularly migraine. Brain. 2010;133(8):2489–500. PubMedCrossRef
14.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Silberstein SD, Dodick DW, Saper J, Huh B, Slavin KV, Sharan A, et al. Safety and efficacy of peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves for the management of chronic migraine: results from a randomized, multicenter, double-blinded, controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2012;32(16):1165–79. In a randomized study investigators demonstrate that there was no difference between active and control group as far as PNS is concerned but showed 30% reduction (as opposed to 50%) in pain, decrease in headache days and improvement in diasbility. PubMedCrossRef •• Silberstein SD, Dodick DW, Saper J, Huh B, Slavin KV, Sharan A, et al. Safety and efficacy of peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves for the management of chronic migraine: results from a randomized, multicenter, double-blinded, controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2012;32(16):1165–79. In a randomized study investigators demonstrate that there was no difference between active and control group as far as PNS is concerned but showed 30% reduction (as opposed to 50%) in pain, decrease in headache days and improvement in diasbility. PubMedCrossRef
15.
Zurück zum Zitat Popeney CA, Aló KM. Peripheral neurostimulation for the treatment of chronic, disabling transformed migraine. Headache. 2003;43(4):369–75. PubMedCrossRef Popeney CA, Aló KM. Peripheral neurostimulation for the treatment of chronic, disabling transformed migraine. Headache. 2003;43(4):369–75. PubMedCrossRef
16.
Zurück zum Zitat Matharu MS, Bartsch T, Ward N, Frackowiak RS, Weiner R, Goadsby PJ. Central neuromodulation in chronic migraine patients with suboccipital stimulators: a PET study. Brain. 2004;127(1):220–30. PubMedCrossRef Matharu MS, Bartsch T, Ward N, Frackowiak RS, Weiner R, Goadsby PJ. Central neuromodulation in chronic migraine patients with suboccipital stimulators: a PET study. Brain. 2004;127(1):220–30. PubMedCrossRef
17.
Zurück zum Zitat Schwedt T, Dodick D, Hentz J, Trentman T, Zimmerman R. Occipital nerve stimulation for chronic headache—long-term safety and efficacy. Cephalalgia. 2007;27(2):153–7. PubMedCrossRef Schwedt T, Dodick D, Hentz J, Trentman T, Zimmerman R. Occipital nerve stimulation for chronic headache—long-term safety and efficacy. Cephalalgia. 2007;27(2):153–7. PubMedCrossRef
18.
Zurück zum Zitat Saper JR, Dodick DW, Silberstein SD, McCarville S, Sun M, Goadsby PJ, et al. Occipital nerve stimulation for the treatment of intractable chronic migraine headache: ONSTIM feasibility study. Cephalalgia. 2011;31(3):271–85. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Saper JR, Dodick DW, Silberstein SD, McCarville S, Sun M, Goadsby PJ, et al. Occipital nerve stimulation for the treatment of intractable chronic migraine headache: ONSTIM feasibility study. Cephalalgia. 2011;31(3):271–85. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
19.
Zurück zum Zitat Dworkin RH, Turk DC, Wyrwich KW, Beaton D, Cleeland CS, Farrar JT, et al. Interpreting the clinical importance of treatment outcomes in chronic pain clinical trials: IMMPACT recommendations. J Pain. 2008;9(2):105–21. PubMedCrossRef Dworkin RH, Turk DC, Wyrwich KW, Beaton D, Cleeland CS, Farrar JT, et al. Interpreting the clinical importance of treatment outcomes in chronic pain clinical trials: IMMPACT recommendations. J Pain. 2008;9(2):105–21. PubMedCrossRef
20.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Mekhail NA, Estemalik E, Azer G, Davis K, Tepper SJ. Safety and efficacy of occipital nerves stimulation for the treatment of chronic migraines: randomized, double-blind, controlled single-center experience. Pain Pract. 2017;17(5):669–77. This study showed 60% of patients received atleast 30 % reduction in pain at 52 weeks for chronic migraine, albeit in a smaller study of 20 patients. PubMedCrossRef •• Mekhail NA, Estemalik E, Azer G, Davis K, Tepper SJ. Safety and efficacy of occipital nerves stimulation for the treatment of chronic migraines: randomized, double-blind, controlled single-center experience. Pain Pract. 2017;17(5):669–77. This study showed 60% of patients received atleast 30 % reduction in pain at 52 weeks for chronic migraine, albeit in a smaller study of 20 patients. PubMedCrossRef
21.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Dodick DW, Silberstein SD, Reed KL, Deer TR, Slavin KV, Huh B, et al. Safety and efficacy of peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves for the management of chronic migraine: long-term results from a randomized, multicenter, double-blinded, controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2015;35(4):344–58. This is a long-term follow up study of Silberstein et al showing larger percentage patients received 30% pain relief but 70% of patients expericnced an adverse event during 12-month follow up. PubMedCrossRef •• Dodick DW, Silberstein SD, Reed KL, Deer TR, Slavin KV, Huh B, et al. Safety and efficacy of peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves for the management of chronic migraine: long-term results from a randomized, multicenter, double-blinded, controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2015;35(4):344–58. This is a long-term follow up study of Silberstein et al showing larger percentage patients received 30% pain relief but 70% of patients expericnced an adverse event during 12-month follow up. PubMedCrossRef
22.
Zurück zum Zitat Fontaine D, Blond S, Lucas C, Regis J, Donnet A, Derrey S, et al. Occipital nerve stimulation improves the quality of life in medically-intractable chronic cluster headache: results of an observational prospective study. Cephalalgia. 2017;37(12):1173–9. PubMedCrossRef Fontaine D, Blond S, Lucas C, Regis J, Donnet A, Derrey S, et al. Occipital nerve stimulation improves the quality of life in medically-intractable chronic cluster headache: results of an observational prospective study. Cephalalgia. 2017;37(12):1173–9. PubMedCrossRef
23.
Zurück zum Zitat Rodrigo D, Acin P, Bermejo P. Occipital nerve stimulation for refractory chronic migraine: results of a long-term prospective study. Pain Physician. 2017;20(1):E151–E9. PubMedCrossRef Rodrigo D, Acin P, Bermejo P. Occipital nerve stimulation for refractory chronic migraine: results of a long-term prospective study. Pain Physician. 2017;20(1):E151–E9. PubMedCrossRef
24.
Zurück zum Zitat Miller S, Watkins L, Matharu M. Long-term outcomes of occipital nerve stimulation for chronic migraine: a cohort of 53 patients. J Headache Pain. 2016;17(1):68. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Miller S, Watkins L, Matharu M. Long-term outcomes of occipital nerve stimulation for chronic migraine: a cohort of 53 patients. J Headache Pain. 2016;17(1):68. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
26.
Zurück zum Zitat Ashkenazi A, Matro R, Shaw JW, Abbas MA, Silberstein SD. Greater occipital nerve block using local anaesthetics alone or with triamcinolone for transformed migraine: a randomised comparative study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008;79(4):415–7. PubMedCrossRef Ashkenazi A, Matro R, Shaw JW, Abbas MA, Silberstein SD. Greater occipital nerve block using local anaesthetics alone or with triamcinolone for transformed migraine: a randomised comparative study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2008;79(4):415–7. PubMedCrossRef
27.
Zurück zum Zitat Naja ZM, El-Rajab M, Al-Tannir MA, Ziade FM, Tawfik OM. Occipital nerve blockade for cervicogenic headache: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. Pain Pract. 2006;6(2):89–95. PubMedCrossRef Naja ZM, El-Rajab M, Al-Tannir MA, Ziade FM, Tawfik OM. Occipital nerve blockade for cervicogenic headache: a double-blind randomized controlled clinical trial. Pain Pract. 2006;6(2):89–95. PubMedCrossRef
28.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Schoenen J, Jensen RH, Lanteri-Minet M, Láinez MJ, Gaul C, Goodman AM, et al. Stimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) for cluster headache treatment. Pathway CH-1: a randomized, sham-controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2013;33(10):816–30. This study showed 67% reduction in pain (vs 7.4%) with full stimulation on demand with acceptable safety profile. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef •• Schoenen J, Jensen RH, Lanteri-Minet M, Láinez MJ, Gaul C, Goodman AM, et al. Stimulation of the sphenopalatine ganglion (SPG) for cluster headache treatment. Pathway CH-1: a randomized, sham-controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2013;33(10):816–30. This study showed 67% reduction in pain (vs 7.4%) with full stimulation on demand with acceptable safety profile. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
29.
Zurück zum Zitat Narouze SN. Role of sphenopalatine ganglion neuroablation in the management of cluster headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2010;14(2):160–3. PubMedCrossRef Narouze SN. Role of sphenopalatine ganglion neuroablation in the management of cluster headache. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2010;14(2):160–3. PubMedCrossRef
30.
Zurück zum Zitat Sanders M, Zuurmond WW. Efficacy of sphenopalatine ganglion blockade in 66 patients suffering from cluster headache: a 12- to 70-month follow-up evaluation. J Neurosurg. 1997;87(6):876–80. PubMedCrossRef Sanders M, Zuurmond WW. Efficacy of sphenopalatine ganglion blockade in 66 patients suffering from cluster headache: a 12- to 70-month follow-up evaluation. J Neurosurg. 1997;87(6):876–80. PubMedCrossRef
31.
Zurück zum Zitat Narouze S, Kapural L, Casanova J, Mekhail N. Sphenopalatine ganglion radiofrequency ablation for the management of chronic cluster headache. Headache. 2009;49(4):571–7. PubMedCrossRef Narouze S, Kapural L, Casanova J, Mekhail N. Sphenopalatine ganglion radiofrequency ablation for the management of chronic cluster headache. Headache. 2009;49(4):571–7. PubMedCrossRef
32.
Zurück zum Zitat Salar G, Ori C, Iob I, Fiore D. Percutaneous thermocoagulation for sphenopalatine ganglion neuralgia. Acta Neurochir. 1987;84(1–2):24–8. PubMedCrossRef Salar G, Ori C, Iob I, Fiore D. Percutaneous thermocoagulation for sphenopalatine ganglion neuralgia. Acta Neurochir. 1987;84(1–2):24–8. PubMedCrossRef
33.
Zurück zum Zitat Costa A, Pucci E, Antonaci F, Sances G, Granella F, Broich G, et al. The effect of intranasal cocaine and lidocaine on nitroglycerin-induced attacks in cluster headache. Cephalalgia. 2000;20(2):85–91. PubMedCrossRef Costa A, Pucci E, Antonaci F, Sances G, Granella F, Broich G, et al. The effect of intranasal cocaine and lidocaine on nitroglycerin-induced attacks in cluster headache. Cephalalgia. 2000;20(2):85–91. PubMedCrossRef
34.
Zurück zum Zitat Ho KWD, Przkora R, Kumar S. Sphenopalatine ganglion: block, radiofrequency ablation and neurostimulation - a systematic review. J Headache Pain. 2017;18(1):118. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Ho KWD, Przkora R, Kumar S. Sphenopalatine ganglion: block, radiofrequency ablation and neurostimulation - a systematic review. J Headache Pain. 2017;18(1):118. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
35.
Zurück zum Zitat Manolitsis N, Elahi F. Pulsed radiofrequency for occipital neuralgia. Pain Physician. 2014;17(6):E709–17. PubMed Manolitsis N, Elahi F. Pulsed radiofrequency for occipital neuralgia. Pain Physician. 2014;17(6):E709–17. PubMed
36.
Zurück zum Zitat Asopa A. Systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2015;18:109–30. PubMed Asopa A. Systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2015;18:109–30. PubMed
37.
Zurück zum Zitat • Grandhi RK, Kaye AD. Abd-Elsayed a. systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headaches. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2018;22(3):18. This comprehensive review shows that both techniques provide limited benefit and identifies an urgent need for a high quality RCT. PubMedCrossRef • Grandhi RK, Kaye AD. Abd-Elsayed a. systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headaches. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2018;22(3):18. This comprehensive review shows that both techniques provide limited benefit and identifies an urgent need for a high quality RCT. PubMedCrossRef
38.
Zurück zum Zitat Abd-Elsayed A, Kreuger L, Wheeler S, Robillard J, Seeger S, Dulli D. Radiofrequency ablation of pericranial nerves for treating headache conditions: a promising option for patients. Ochsner J. 2018;18(1):59–62. PubMedPubMedCentral Abd-Elsayed A, Kreuger L, Wheeler S, Robillard J, Seeger S, Dulli D. Radiofrequency ablation of pericranial nerves for treating headache conditions: a promising option for patients. Ochsner J. 2018;18(1):59–62. PubMedPubMedCentral
39.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Cohen SP, Peterlin BL, Fulton L, Neely ET, Kurihara C, Gupta A, et al. Randomized, double-blind, comparative-effectiveness study comparing pulsed radiofrequency to steroid injections for occipital neuralgia or migraine with occipital nerve tenderness. Pain. 2015;156(12):2585–94. This study demonstrates greater reduction in pain up to 6 months with PRF compared to steroid injections, but analgesia was not accompanied by improvement in other outcome measures. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef •• Cohen SP, Peterlin BL, Fulton L, Neely ET, Kurihara C, Gupta A, et al. Randomized, double-blind, comparative-effectiveness study comparing pulsed radiofrequency to steroid injections for occipital neuralgia or migraine with occipital nerve tenderness. Pain. 2015;156(12):2585–94. This study demonstrates greater reduction in pain up to 6 months with PRF compared to steroid injections, but analgesia was not accompanied by improvement in other outcome measures. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
40.
Zurück zum Zitat Odonkor CA, Tang T, Taftian D, Chhatre A. Bilateral intra-articular radiofrequency ablation for cervicogenic headache. Case Rep Anesthesiol. 2017;2017:1483279. PubMedPubMedCentral Odonkor CA, Tang T, Taftian D, Chhatre A. Bilateral intra-articular radiofrequency ablation for cervicogenic headache. Case Rep Anesthesiol. 2017;2017:1483279. PubMedPubMedCentral
41.
Zurück zum Zitat Fadayomi O, Kendall MC, Nader A. Ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency of C2 dorsal root ganglion as adjuvant treatment for chronic headache disorders: a case report. A A Pract. 2018:1. Fadayomi O, Kendall MC, Nader A. Ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency of C2 dorsal root ganglion as adjuvant treatment for chronic headache disorders: a case report. A A Pract. 2018:1.
42.
Zurück zum Zitat • Nagar VR, Birthi P, Grider JS, Asopa A. Systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2015;18(2):109–30. Because of the lack of high quality studies (RCTs) this review showed limited evidence to show the benefit of RFA and PRF for cervicogenic headache. PubMed • Nagar VR, Birthi P, Grider JS, Asopa A. Systematic review of radiofrequency ablation and pulsed radiofrequency for management of cervicogenic headache. Pain Physician. 2015;18(2):109–30. Because of the lack of high quality studies (RCTs) this review showed limited evidence to show the benefit of RFA and PRF for cervicogenic headache. PubMed
43.
Zurück zum Zitat Gabrhelik T, Michalek P, Adamus M. Pulsed radiofrequency therapy versus greater occipital nerve block in the management of refractory cervicogenic headache - a pilot study. Prague Med Rep. 2011;112(4):279–87. PubMed Gabrhelik T, Michalek P, Adamus M. Pulsed radiofrequency therapy versus greater occipital nerve block in the management of refractory cervicogenic headache - a pilot study. Prague Med Rep. 2011;112(4):279–87. PubMed
44.
Zurück zum Zitat Stovner LJ, Kolstad F, Helde G. Radiofrequency denervation of facet joints C2-C6 in cervicogenic headache: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2004;24(10):821–30. PubMedCrossRef Stovner LJ, Kolstad F, Helde G. Radiofrequency denervation of facet joints C2-C6 in cervicogenic headache: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. Cephalalgia. 2004;24(10):821–30. PubMedCrossRef
45.
Zurück zum Zitat Haspeslagh SR, Van Suijlekom HA, Lame IE, Kessels AG, van Kleef M, Weber WE. Randomised controlled trial of cervical radiofrequency lesions as a treatment for cervicogenic headache [ISRCTN07444684]. BMC Anesthesiol. 2006;6(1). Haspeslagh SR, Van Suijlekom HA, Lame IE, Kessels AG, van Kleef M, Weber WE. Randomised controlled trial of cervical radiofrequency lesions as a treatment for cervicogenic headache [ISRCTN07444684]. BMC Anesthesiol. 2006;6(1).
46.
Zurück zum Zitat Lee JB, Park JY, Park J, Lim DJ, Kim SD, Chung HS. Clinical efficacy of radiofrequency cervical zygapophyseal neurotomy in patients with chronic cervicogenic headache. J Korean Med Sci. 2007;22(2):326–9. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Lee JB, Park JY, Park J, Lim DJ, Kim SD, Chung HS. Clinical efficacy of radiofrequency cervical zygapophyseal neurotomy in patients with chronic cervicogenic headache. J Korean Med Sci. 2007;22(2):326–9. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
47.
Zurück zum Zitat van Suijlekom HA, van Kleef M, Barendse GA, Sluijter ME, Sjaastad O, Weber WE. Radiofrequency cervical zygapophyseal joint neurotomy for cervicogenic headache: a prospective study of 15 patients. Funct Neurol. 1998;13(4):297–303. PubMed van Suijlekom HA, van Kleef M, Barendse GA, Sluijter ME, Sjaastad O, Weber WE. Radiofrequency cervical zygapophyseal joint neurotomy for cervicogenic headache: a prospective study of 15 patients. Funct Neurol. 1998;13(4):297–303. PubMed
48.
Zurück zum Zitat Govind J, King W, Bailey B, Bogduk N. Radiofrequency neurotomy for the treatment of third occipital headache. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003;74(1):88–93. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef Govind J, King W, Bailey B, Bogduk N. Radiofrequency neurotomy for the treatment of third occipital headache. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003;74(1):88–93. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
49.
Zurück zum Zitat •• Wang E, Wang D. Treatment of cervicogenic headache with cervical epidural steroid injection. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2014;18(9):442. This article describes neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and classification of CGH and comprehensive review of the efficacy of cervical epidural steroid injections. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef •• Wang E, Wang D. Treatment of cervicogenic headache with cervical epidural steroid injection. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2014;18(9):442. This article describes neuroanatomy, neurophysiology and classification of CGH and comprehensive review of the efficacy of cervical epidural steroid injections. PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRef
50.
Zurück zum Zitat Martelletti P, Di Sabato F, Granata M, Alampi D, Apponi F, Borgonuovo P, et al. Epidural corticosteroid blockade in cervicogenic headache. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 1998;2(1):31–6. PubMed Martelletti P, Di Sabato F, Granata M, Alampi D, Apponi F, Borgonuovo P, et al. Epidural corticosteroid blockade in cervicogenic headache. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 1998;2(1):31–6. PubMed
51.
Zurück zum Zitat He MW, Ni JX, Guo YN, Wang Q, Yang LQ, Liu JJ. Continuous epidural block of the cervical vertebrae for cervicogenic headache. Chin Med J. 2009;122(4):427–30. PubMed He MW, Ni JX, Guo YN, Wang Q, Yang LQ, Liu JJ. Continuous epidural block of the cervical vertebrae for cervicogenic headache. Chin Med J. 2009;122(4):427–30. PubMed
52.
Zurück zum Zitat Mehnert MJ, Freedman MK. Update on the role of z-joint injection and radiofrequency neurotomy for cervicogenic headache. PM R. 2013;5(3):221–7. PubMedCrossRef Mehnert MJ, Freedman MK. Update on the role of z-joint injection and radiofrequency neurotomy for cervicogenic headache. PM R. 2013;5(3):221–7. PubMedCrossRef
Metadaten
Titel
Chronic Headache: a Review of Interventional Treatment Strategies in Headache Management
verfasst von
Ruchir Gupta
Kyle Fisher
Srinivas Pyati
Publikationsdatum
01.09.2019
Verlag
Springer US
Erschienen in
Current Pain and Headache Reports / Ausgabe 9/2019
Print ISSN: 1531-3433
Elektronische ISSN: 1534-3081
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11916-019-0806-9

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 9/2019

Current Pain and Headache Reports 9/2019 Zur Ausgabe

Secondary Headache (M Robbins, Section Editor)

Migraine as a Stroke Mimic and as a Stroke Chameleon

Hot Topics in Pain and Headache (N Rosen, Section Editor)

Stem Cell Therapies for Treatment of Discogenic Low Back Pain: a Comprehensive Review

Uncommon and/or Unusual Headaches and Syndromes (J Ailani, Section Editor)

Presentation and Management of Headache in Pituitary Apoplexy

Neu im Fachgebiet AINS

Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update AINS und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.