Skip to main content

01.06.2017 | Rhinology | Ausgabe 9/2017

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 9/2017

Chronic maxillary atelectasis and silent sinus syndrome: two faces of the same clinical entity

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology > Ausgabe 9/2017
Clotilde de Dorlodot, Stephanie Collet, Philippe Rombaux, Mihaela Horoi, Sergio Hassid, Philippe Eloy


Chronic maxillary atelectasis (CMA) and silent sinus syndrome (SSS) are rare clinical entities characterized by an implosion of the maxillary sinus that may or may not be associated with sinonasal symptoms, and are complicated by ipsilateral enophthalmos. The objective of this article is to discuss the definitions, physiopathology, clinical and radiographic characteristics, and surgical management of these entities. We retrospectively reviewed 18 patients (7 women, 11 men, aged 12–70 years) diagnosed and treated in the ear, nose, and throat departments of four Belgian teaching hospitals between 2000 and 2015. Nine patients had a history of sinus disease. In all cases, a computed tomography scan showed downward displacement of the orbital floor, increased orbital volume, and maxillary sinus contraction. Five patients met the criteria for grade II CMA and 13 for grade III CMA. Four patients met the criteria for SSS. All patients underwent wide endoscopic middle maxillary antrostomy. There were no orbital complications and all patients experienced resolution or a dramatic reduction of their symptomatology. Only one patient asked for an orbital floor reconstruction to correct a persisting cosmetic deformity. Although CMA and SSS are usually regarded as different entities in the literature, we believe that they lie on the same clinical spectrum. Treatment for both conditions is similar, i.e., middle meatal antrostomy to halt or even reverse the pathological evolution and reconstruction of the orbital floor in the event of persistent cosmetic deformity.

Bitte loggen Sie sich ein, um Zugang zu diesem Inhalt zu erhalten

e.Med Interdisziplinär

Für Ihren Erfolg in Klinik und Praxis - Die beste Hilfe in Ihrem Arbeitsalltag als Mediziner

Mit e.Med Interdisziplinär erhalten Sie Zugang zu allen CME-Fortbildungen und Fachzeitschriften auf

Weitere Produktempfehlungen anzeigen
Über diesen Artikel

Weitere Artikel der Ausgabe 9/2017

European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology 9/2017 Zur Ausgabe
  1. Sie können e.Med HNO 14 Tage kostenlos testen (keine Print-Zeitschrift enthalten). Der Test läuft automatisch und formlos aus. Es kann nur einmal getestet werden.

Neu im Fachgebiet HNO

Mail Icon II Newsletter

Bestellen Sie unseren kostenlosen Newsletter Update HNO und bleiben Sie gut informiert – ganz bequem per eMail.